The Bukovina Sheepdog is large in size and guardian for livestock from the Carpathian Mountains in Romania. He is also well-known as the Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina, Southeastern European Shepherd, Romanian Bukovina Shepherd, Ciobanesc de Bucovina, Bukovina Wolfdog, Bukovina and Bucovina Sheepdog. He is also fearless, powerful, and muscular but a great companion being kind and gentle too. The breed is the oldest of three shepherd dogs from Romania, the other two are being the Carpathian and the Mioritic, and his lifespan is 10 to 15 years.

bukovina sheepdog


The Beginning of Bukovina Sheepdog

The Bukovina got origination in the Carpathian Mountains in a region called Bucovina in the northeast of Romania. Hence the name as well as in some Bulgarian regions and northeastern Serbia. He is believed to belong to a blend of several kids of Mastiffs and was recorded first as was seen in the 1700s though there are no records he could be older. He was developed to protect cattle, sheep, and do the job for the shepherds and people who lived in rural areas. The dog breed required having intelligence, courage, hardworking and always ready to take on dangerous and large predators such as bears and wolves. His duties of herding and guarding were also kept in households as a watchdog and companion.


New Lease on Life of Bukovina Sheepdog

While he is not well-known outside of his mountains. The breeders locally have begun to pay more attention to this dog breed. He is still being used for herding and guarding dog and the first standard for him was written in 1982. Then the FCI General Assembly from Jerusalem developed a model in 1987 and the Romanian Kennel Club (the Asociatia Chinologica Romana) updated standard in 2001. Today, most of the Bukovina Sheepdogs are found in Romania. He has not been accepted yet though by the AKC.


Bukovina Sheepdog at Present

The Bukovina is a large to giant purebred in size and his weight is from 70 to 120 pounds and stands from 25 to 31 inches tall. He is a powerful and strong breed but is active as well and not heavy. His build is square in shape with a broad chest, a long strong neck. And his tail is set high, bushy and held up when he is vigilant and low when he is relaxed. He has got a grey skin which is quite thick and a double coat that is rough, coarse, and straight on the outer and soft and dense on the inner. It has got hair that establishes a mane on the neck and usual colors are black, white, brindle, grey, and sand.


Bukovina Sheepdog

The head of this dog is like a wolf and huge with a powerful cone-shaped muzzle that tapers and then ends in a black nose this is wide. His skull is broad and he has got strong jaws with thick lips. Considering the size of his head, his eyes are small and almond-shaped dark brown, hazel or chestnut in color. The ears are high and in a v shape, hang down close to his cheeks and have rounded tips.


Bukovina Sheepdog Temperament

The Bukovina Sheepdog is a good watchdog because of his great alertness. He will bark to alert you about an intruder and his strong instincts of defensive mean he will defend you and your home as well. He is not hostile unless there is a threat. At that point, he is brave and bold. When he is raised well, he is balanced, calm, and devoted to his family but it is crucial that his owner should be a firm leader with consistency.

From his time out securing the herds, he might do night time patrols around the house. He is loyal, hardworking and often bonds with his family fairly closely. He has become more popular in recent years being a companion dog in Romania because of his easy-going, mellow and loving nature. The dog breed is intelligent and does have an obstinate side but coming for being left alone to protect livestock in his background. He should be able to tackle some alone time when you go out. He can be playful and has got enthusiasm and energy particularly as a puppy.


Living with a Bukovina Sheepdog

As mentioned above he is an intelligent dog breed but coming from being left in controlling the flocks by him. He has got used to making his own decisions and as a result, he can be obstinate. Training can be difficult and he requires an experienced owner who is able to lead clearly with consistency. He wants you to make it clear that you are the dominant one for him to give you his respect and trust. Make sure that you never make it overly monotonous as he will become devastated by boredom. Engaging short sessions with a positive approach and success will come.


Activeness of  Bukovina Sheepdog

These are lively and active dogs that are used to working long hours so have a great amount of tolerance as well. He will require a great deal of mental stimulation and exercise to stay happy. A couple of long walks, when you jog, he can join you and weekend hikes and so on. This dog enjoys playing and should also be given play time every day with you. He is not the best dog for an apartment; he requires space and a large yard at least.


Bukovina Sheepdog Care and Grooming

Caring of the Bukovina will take some dedication as he requires brushing every day. He is also having a thick coat and being large that can take some time daily. He also does shed so there will be a lot of hair all over the place in the home to tidy up. Brushing will assist with the loose hair, apply the oils around his coat to keep it healthy and remove any debris. Bathe him as required, making sure not to do it too often as that will damage the natural oils he requires. Only a dog shampoo should be used for the same reason.

When his nails get too long, they should be clipped. A proper nail clipper to be used for dogs and do not cut nails too far down where the nerves and blood vessels are. Cutting into that section will cause bleeding and hurt your Bukovina. He does not like to be a participant in nail clipping when this process makes him feel pain. He will wear down naturally some of his nails if he gets plenty of time and activities outside.

You should check his ears for the signs of infection like bad odor or irritation, redness, and use a damp cloth wipe his ears cleanly. Never try to insert anything into the ears though; it can bring about a lot of pain and real damage. There are his teeth to look after as well, brush them at least 2 or 3 times a week by using a toothbrush and toothpaste of the dog.


Feeding Bukovina Sheepdog

He is a large dog breed so he has got quite the appetite. Anticipate to feed him between 3½ to 8 cups of a high quality of dry food per day divided into two meals to prevent problems from bloat. How much he varies depending on his health, size, age, metabolism rate, and activity level. Make sure that he is always provided with fresh water.


Bukovina Sheepdog With children and other pets

When Bukovina Sheepdog has been well socialized and raised, he is good with kids. He is protective, loving, and playful has got a steady and calm nature that helps him become good with kids. You must supervise young kids as his playfulness with his size can bring about accidents and knockdowns occur. He is also good with other pets. He does not like strange animals a lot coming into his territory or he can be aggressive towards strange dogs.


Bukovina Sheepdog Health Issues

The Bukovina Sheepdog has got a lifespan of about 10 to 15 years. He is not well-known to have particular issues of health but there are some things to stay aware of like:

  • Musculoskeletal issues
  • Bloat
  • Joint dysplasia


Bukovina Sheepdog Biting Statistics

When reading about reports of dogs attacking humans in the US and Canada in the last 35 years, there is no mention about the Bukovina Sheepdog. He is not aggressive towards people but he is stranger wary and very territorial. So you must take care of the breed. Provide him with socialization, training, and exercise. Make sure he is not lonely or bored, feed him well and let him have your attention he needs.

The Bukovina Sheepdog is a large dog that requires a lot of stimulation, activity, grooming and good socialization. Owners should be strong enough to deal with this dog breed as he is pretty dominant, territorial and protective. He requires grooming, the amount of exercise and play means it takes some dedication, particularly if he is not kept as a working dog as well. He is very affectionate, loyal, steady and calm. The breed can also be a great dog for working and loving companion.