.English Toy Spaniel was famous as “Charlies” after the king who loved him. He is quieter and more reclusive than his Cavalier cousins, but he can possess a mischievous spark. The breed has the tendency to prefer one person and is not a “well met, hail fellow” type of dog.
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs
Height: 10 inches to 11 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 8 to 14 pounds
Life Span: 10 to 12 years
When you think about King Charles Spaniel, or English Toy Spaniel as he is popular in Britain, the words lovable, gentle, sweet and typically come to mind. He kings have loved him and many hold him in high regard. Charlies is a compact and square-bodied dog with a short face. He has the domed head, a flowing silky coat, long fringed ears, and large dark eyes. His tail is docked and 2 to 4 inches long and is decorated with silky feathering. The breed does have a straight or little wavy coat with feathering on the feet and legs.
The English Toy Spaniel dog is a quiet, reserved breed who was developed as a companion dog. He needs little exercise and possesses a laidback personality. The ET’s idea of a great day is to spend it sitting near his favorite person, quietly showering her with love. The dedication to humans can be a negative characteristic, however, because he can suffer from anxiety of separation.
English Toy Spaniel does really well in apartments and can be suitable to any lifestyle apart from remaining home alone for long periods of time. He commonly gets on well with other dogs but he can be timid and shy in the presence of strangers. The dog breed is quite gentle with kids but is not good for homes with young children since the accompanying excitement and noise may overwhelm them.
He likes to chase butterflies and birds for fun. Keep the breed on a leash outdoors so he does not run after them right in front of the car. Training may be easy with this dog as long as you understand his temperament. He is independent and will sometimes ignore commands when he is first given. Commonly, he’s willing to please and loves the training of companionship provides. English Toy Spaniel can bark to alert you to somebody’s approach and he may bite somebody who scares him or whom he doesn’t like, but it is about the extent of his watchdog ability.
You should monitor an English Toy Spaniel in hot weather because his short muzzle makes him vulnerable to heat exhaustion. His time outdoors should be limited during hot and humid weather that’s why he should remain in a home with air conditioning and adequate ventilation. If you are searching for a dignified dog who is gentle, calm, and affectionate, one who loves spending all his time with you, one who is pleased and dedicated, the English Toy Spaniel is the ideal dog for you.
Need to Know about English Toy Spaniel
Socialization is essential with this dog breed because he can be timid when he faces new people or situations. The breed is considered to be an average shedder. He should be brushed every week to keep the coat from tangling and get rid of loose hair. For the safety of a dog, the English Toy Spaniel should remain on the leash whenever he walks and he should also have a fully fenced yard.
English Toy Spaniels does really well in apartments. The dog breed does not handle heat quite well and needs supervision on hot days to make sure that he does not overexert himself. It is advised that the dog resides in an air-conditioned home.
English Toy Spaniel does have low exercise needs and low energy levels. He is happy spending his days sitting on your knee, and a walk around the neighborhood leisurely will meet his exercise requirements. He makes an excellent companion for older owners. This breed is a loving dog who often does well with the kids, but he is not the perfect dog for a home with busy children since he may be overwhelmed by the excitement and noise children make.
English Toy Spaniel is of the best companion dogs and thrives when he is with the humans he loves. He should not remain in a kennel or outside away from his family. The anxiety of separation is a common issue in the English Toy Spaniel and he can become destructive when he is not with his owner for a period of time. In order to have a healthy dog, you should never buy a puppy from a puppy mill, an irresponsible breeder, or pet store.
English Toy Spaniel History
Toy spaniel has lived for centuries and was favorite in royal courts. Grandson Charles I, and great-grandson Charles II of Mary, Queen of Scots were all avid fans of the small spaniel. In fact, the nickname of the breed, Charlie, comes from the two kings of that name. They are devoted unto death. Both Charles I and Mary, Queen of Scots went along with their executions by their little spaniels.
The toy spaniel of centuries past was a little bit different from that we know today. He had a pointed muzzle but crosses to the breeds like the Pug and Japanese Chin in the 18th and 19th centuries. Finally, resulted in dog breeds with round apple head and the short muzzle that is found in the breed today.
The old toy spaniel having more pointed muzzle had passed into history till the end of the 19th century. But Roswell Eldridge (American art lover) offered a huge monetary prize to the breeder who could produce them again. Breeders of King Charles Spaniel took some of their long-nosed throwbacks and developed what is now well-known as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a little larger cousin of the English toy spaniel.
If you look carefully, you can see the differences between them. Charlies do have a more pushed-in face, ears that are set below the top of the head, and a domed head. Cavaliers have a flat head, a longer nose, and ears which hang from higher on the head. Cavalier has a long plume-like tail while Charlies have a docked tail. You can find them in the same four colors, although, the colors of King Charles have black and tan and English toy spaniel have the more romantic designations of Prince Charles for the tricolor.
English Toy Spaniel Personality
The lovable and sweet English Toy Spaniel is a real companion dog breed. The breed has a noble bearing, but he’s not a snob at all; picture instead of a quiet, dedicated, happy dog. He loves spending time with the humans he enjoys and will suit them. The English Toy Spaniel needs little exercise and is glad perched on the knee of his owner. He does really well with other cats and dogs if he has proper socialization and is loving and gentle to kids. The excitement can overwhelm the breed and can be timid and shy when he meets new people or faces new situations.
English Toy Spaniel Health
Not every English Toy Spaniel will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.
- Patellar Luxation
- Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA)
- Mitral Valve Insufficiency
- Cleft Palate
- Retinal Dysplasia
- Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
- Umbilical Hernia
- Open Fontanel
- Fused Toes
Before getting to buy an English Toy Spaniel, it is crucial to investigate the health concerns that affect both parents of the puppy. Both the parents must have clearances of health from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia and von Willebrand’s disease from Auburn University for thrombopathia. And certifying that the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), you can also have health clearances through visiting OFA web site (offa.org).
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
English Toy Spaniel Care
The English Toy Spaniel dog breed does not need large amounts of exercise daily. He commonly exercises himself at home and needs only a small game in the back yard or small walks around the neighborhood. He is not a perfect walking companion because he can suffer from joint issues. And long walks can increase any problems he may have.
Training can become easy with this dog as long as you understand his temperament. The breed is independent and may ignore commands when he is first given. He is commonly happy to please and loves the companionship training provides. Leash training can become difficult since he prefers being off leash, but it is essential to keep your breed on the lead whenever he is not in a fenced area since he can easily get injured by other dog breeds. Training an English Toy Spaniel for a house can also turn out to be an easy task. And a lot of breeds have successfully been trained to potty on paper when a yard is not available or nightly walks.
Socialization is essential with this dog breed since he can be very timid when he deals with new situations or people. An English Toy Spaniel will occasionally stop eating and often it will be his teeth which are annoying him. Keeping the teeth clean with veterinary cleanings and regular brushing will assist to prevent any problems.
English Toy Spaniels does really well in the apartment because of his low levels of energy. He is a companion dog breed and should never remain in a kennel or outside. An English Toy Spaniel should be under supervision in hot weather since his short muzzle makes him vulnerable to heat exhaustion. It is advised that he lives in a home which has proper air conditioning and ventilation. His outdoor time should be restricted when it is hot and humid.
English Toy Spaniel Feeding
Recommended daily amount: 0.5 to 1 cup of good quality dry food every day that is divided into two meals.
NOTE: How much your adult English Toy Spaniel eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference. The better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
English Toy Spaniel with Children and Other Pets
English Toy Spaniels is quite loving towards kids, but the noise and stimulation young kids create can overwhelm. If he is handled roughly, this can lead to biting. The dog breed does fairly well with other pets, especially he grows up with them.