The Alaskan Malamute dog breed has a powerful, sturdy body developed for strength and stamina. He is one of the oldest good dog breeds whose original appearance has not been altered significantly. This intelligent dog requires consistent leadership and a job for not becoming bored or challenging to tackle.
Dog Breed Group: Working Dogs
Height: 1 foot, 11 inches to 2 feet, 1 inch tall at the shoulder
Weight: 75 to 100 pounds
Life Span: 12 to 15 years
When you first see an Alaskan Malamute, it is easy to get impressed by his huge stature, facial markings like the wolf, and large plumed tail pointing towards you. It is usually believed that Malamute is part wolf. He may play a wolf in the movies or on TV, but in truth, he is a real domestic dog.
The Alaskan Malamute has great strength, intelligence, endurance, energy, and independence. He got initial development to pull heavy sledges over long distances as well as to hunt polar bears and seals. Now chosen first for companionship, Alaskan Malamute dog succeeds in various dog sports, including weight pulling, obedience competition, conformation, skijoring, recreational sledding, and backpacking.
When the breed does not “woo woo” watch TV or pull you on your inline skates with you, he is likely to raid the trash, surf your kitchen counters for something good to have, or dig a nice cool hole in the backyard. Malamute regards everybody he meets as his friends. If you are searching for a watchdog, he is not the dog for you. The size of the breed might scare off a thief, but it is about the only security you can get from him.
Alaskan Malamute does well in a situation in which he has a lot of opportunities and room to exercise so he does not get restless and bored. His independent temperament usually causes him to be stupid or stubborn, but his smartness shines through with the right training. If the dog breed is the suitable breed for you, he will let you have years of enjoyment as a companion and active playmate who keeps his pup joie de vivre very well into adult life.
Alaskan Malamute History
The ancestors of Alaskan Malamute crossed the land bridge with native people from Siberia to Alaska thousands of years ago. A tribe who was well-known as the Mahlemuts, settled in the Seward Peninsula which is in the northeastern area and the Alaskan Malamute dog was developed there. The dog breed’s job was to chase away polar bears, hunt seals, and pull heavy sledges loaded with camp supplies or food.
The Eskimos treated their dog breeds quite well and highly valued them. The gold rush of 1896 brought a good influx to Alaska of dogs of a lot of sizes and breeds who could get through the weather. A lot of native dogs were crossbred with these dogs and the real type was lost. The Mahlemut was an isolated tribe to an extent, so the Alaskan Malamute got through the incursion far better than other dog breeds.
In New Hampshire, Arthur T. Walden developed his Chinook Kennel and started breeding Alaskan Malamute. He and his inheritors, Eva Seeley and Milton, supplied a lot of dogs for the Byrd Antarctic expeditions in the 1930s. The Seeleys started a program to produce the dogs again that found in the Norton Sound area of Alaska. This strain of Alaskan Malamute dog got well-known as the “Kotzebue” strain.
Paul Voelker, Sr. developed a slightly different strain with dogs he bought in Alaska in the early 1900s and later in the 1920s. This strain was known as the “M’Loot” strain. Admiral Byrd’s second expedition utilized some of these dogs in World War I and II.
In 1935, the Alaskan Malamute Club of America was formed and the American Kennel Club registered the dog breed that same year. Most of the recognized Alaskan Malamutes were loaned out for war duty during World War II because there was a great demand for sledge dog breeds. Sadly, many of them during World War II vanished after serving their nation on an expedition to Antarctica.
Today, all AKC-registered Malamutes may trace their family back to dogs registered during the open period in the late 1940s or to the original Kotzebues. The Alaskan Malamute today ranks 59th among the 193 breeds and varieties that the AKC has recognized.
Alaskan Malamute Personality
Alaskan Malamute dog will win your heart over with his outgoing, playful dispositions. He greets everybody as a friend even first-time houseguests and strangers. So he doesn’t make a good watchdog, but he is really loyal to his friends and family. The breed is a pack animal, and he loves spending time with his family, insisting on remaining in all activities which his family undertakes. He is not a big-time barker, but he does howl and he is well-known for making a trait “woo woo” sound.
A number of factors affect his temperament including socialization, training, and heredity. Puppy with nice temperament is playful and curious, willing to approach people and remain with them. Choose the balanced puppy, not the one that is beating up his littermates or the one that is hiding in the corner. Always meet his parents, often the mother is the one that is present — to make sure that they possess nice temperaments which you are comfortable with. Meeting other relatives of the parents or siblings is also helpful for assessing what a pup will be like when he grows up.
Alaskan Malamute requires socialization at an early age like every dog in the world. He should have exposure to a lot of different people, sounds, sights, and experiences in childhood. The socialization assists to ensure that your dog breed grows up to become an easy-going and friendly dog and remains also this way. Enrolling the breed in a class of puppy kindergarten will be a great beginning. Inviting guests over on a regular basis, taking him to stores that allow dogs, busy parks, and strolls relaxingly to visit neighbors will assist him to improve his social skills.
Alaskan Malamute Health
You can find the Alaskan Malamute dog normally fairly healthy. He can also have certain health conditions just like every dog. Not every Alaskan Malamute will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.
Before getting to buy an Alaskan Malamute, it is crucial to investigate the health concerns that affect both parents of the puppy. Both the parents must have clearances of health from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia and von Willebrand’s disease from Auburn University for thrombopathia. And certifying that the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), you can also have health clearances through visiting OFA web site (offa.org).
The Alaskan Malamute dog can suffer from the following diseases:
- Hip Dysplasia
- Inherited Polyneuropathy
- Hemeralopia (Day Blindness)
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
Alaskan Malamute Care
This member of the Group of Working dog breeds is surely a task finder. The breed thrives on long walks, skijoring, hikes, sledging, and carting. He requires running, playing, and commonly bounces around a great deal. Insufficient exercise will bring about the Alaskan Malamute to get destructive and bored. Ensure that the exercise matches the age, health condition, and activity level of the dog.
The dog breed enjoys digging. You need to accommodate this behavior by giving your breed his own place to dig in the yard like a sandbox or other area which you don’t mind setting aside for him.
Alaskan Malamute is blessed with a dense double coat and can bear living outdoors in extremely cold climates. However, he does require sufficient shelter and a fenced yard, ideally with a roof over it. Because the dog breed has an extremely high pack drive, he is happiest when living with his pack in the home. He does well remaining inside a home because he keeps his coats clean and is easy to train at home.
Not surprisingly, Malamute dog is fairly sensitive to heat. He is an Arctic dog, not designed by nature to remain in hot, humid climates. If your breed lives in the Sunbelt, make sure to give him a lot of shade, air conditioning and fresh water during the summer, and keep him away from exercise in the heat of the day.
Due to his smart, strength, and size, it is greatly advised that Malamute should be registered in obedience training at a young age before he is strong enough and large enough to outmaneuver or outwit his humans.
Alaskan Malamute Feeding
Recommended daily amount: 4 to 5 cups of good quality dry food every day that is divided into two meals.
Note: How much your adult Alaskan Malamute eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
Children And Other Pets
Malamute dog breed is patient with kids and enjoys the attention he gets from them. But this energetic, fast-growing Malamute puppy can easily overpower a young child under age 5. In his exuberance, he can knock a kid over.
You should always supervise interactions between young kids and dog to avoid any tail or ear pulling or biting on the part of either party. Teach your children never try to get closer to any dog while he is eating or sleeping or to try to take food from the dog away. No dog should remain alone with a child without any supervision.
Your Malamute should get on well with other dogs with early socialization and training. He might run after small animals like cats unless he grows up with them and learns not to. It is important to introduce him properly to other pets in the household and supervise their interactions. He will consider outdoor cats and other small pet’s fair game.
Males: Stand 25 inches tall
Weight: 85 pounds
Females: Stand 23 inches tall
Weight: 75 pounds