The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog is bred to be a companion and the dog breed keeps the sporty nature from ancestors of his spaniel. If the breed is getting a belly rub or not sitting on a lap, nothing makes him happier than to chase a bird and then makes attempts to retrieve that. He is one of the biggest of the toy dog breeds. He is usually as athletic as a true sporting dog breed and loves running, hiking on the beach, and sporting dog breeds like agility, rally and fly-ball. Some of these dogs have even shown their prowess as hunting dog breeds.
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs
Height: 1 foot to 1 foot, 1 inch tall at the shoulder
Weight: 13 to 18 pounds
Life Span: 9 to 15 years
The breed is a beautiful small dog that doubtlessly is a competitor for the title of “top tail-wagger.” Actually, among the traits that Cavalier breeders struggle to accomplish is a tail in constant motion when this dog is moving.
If the trait wagging of the plumy tail of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog does not melt your heart, his large, dark round eyes will that’s for sure. Lustrous and warm, with a cute expression, he holds the power to extract constant petting and supplies of food without any limits from humans under his spell. With no surprise, this dog breed can become fat quite easily, which spoils his lovely lines, so be strong and offer playtime or a walk instead of the pizza and potato chips your breed is angling for.
The breed pads through the home on slippered paws that always following in the footfall of his humans. In residence with a Cavalier, you will never remain alone, not even in the bathroom. Because he is really attached to his family, he does best when someone is at home during the day to give him company. He is a housedog and will never adjust in an environment where he is stuck to the backyard or otherwise neglected.
When it gets to training, this breed is normally intelligent and always willing to try whatever it is you would like him to do. The positive reinforcement and food rewards help ensure that training is smooth. The Cavalier has a gentle personality, so yelling at him is ineffective and may send this sweetie into the hiding or into sulks. Instead, give a reward to him every time you see him doing something you love.
As with a lot of toy dog breeds, he can have problems with housetraining, but if you keep him on a consistent schedule, with a lot of chances to potty outdoors, he can be reliable in the home.
Need to Know about Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog
Cavalier does have a dependent personality. He loves to remain with people and doesn’t like to stay home alone for a long period of time. This dog breed will shed, particularly in the fall and spring. Combing and brushing are necessary on regular basis. Because he is a spaniel at heart, he might try to run after rabbits, birds and other small prey if he doesn’t remain in a fenced yard or on the leash.
The breed may bark when someone approaches your door, but because of his friendly nature, he is not a great guard dog. Cavalier is a housedog and should live indoors.
In order to get a healthy dog, never ever try to purchase a puppy from a puppy mill, irresponsible breeder or pet store. Always contect a breeder who has the reputation to test her breeding dog to ensure he is free of genetic diseases that they may pass onto the pups, and that they have nice natures.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog History
While this dog is a relatively new breed and was created again just less than a century ago. His first type is the toy spaniel that has lived for centuries as a companion dog to nobility and royalty. The breed has blood relation with the same toy spaniel that pictured in a lot of 16th, 17th, and 18th-century paintings by famous artists like as Gainsborough and Van Dyck. In those paintings, the spaniel had got a flat head, longish nose, and high-set ears.
This little Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog was a highly favorite of noble and royal families of England. The Queen of Scots Mary had a toy spaniel that kept her company as she walked to her beheading, and her grandchild, Charles I, and great-grandchild, Charles II. They are the persons who gave their name to the dog breed and also loved this little dog. It is said that King Charles II, who governed from 1660 to 1685 and did not ever go anywhere without at least 2 or 3 of these small spaniels. He even ordered that the breed should be permitted in any public place, including the Parliament. It is asserted that the decree is still in effect at present in England. However, nobody has tested it lately to see if it is true.
After the death of Charles II, the popularity of King Charles Spaniel waned, and other short-faced dogs like Pug became the new favorites of royal. The breed was bred with these dogs and finally established many of their features like the shorter nose and the domed head.
There was a stronghold of the dog breed which was of the kind that King Charles himself got so loved and that was at Blenheim Palace, the country estate of the Dukes of Marlborough. A strain of white and red Toy Spaniel continued to be created. With this coloration, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is called Blenheim today.
The size and type of the toy spaniel bred by the Dukes of Marlborough varied since there weren’t any dog shows and no standard for the breed yet. However, English breeders began to hold dog shows and made significant efforts to refine different dog breeds in the mid-19th century. By that time, the toy spaniel was pretty much accepted as possessing an undershot jaw, flat face, large, round, front-facing eyes and domed skull. The dog breed portrayed in paintings from earlier centuries was nearly extinct.
An American named Roswell Eldridge began searching in England for Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog in the 1920s that took after those in the old paintings. He kept searching for more than 5 years, even got to the Crufts Dog Show, where he talked the Kennel Club into permitting him to offer 25 pounds sterling which is a huge amount at the time. For the best bitch and of the best dog type was seen in the reign of King Charles II. He offered this prize for 5 years.
Miss Mostyn Walker introduced a dog named Ann’s Son in 1928 for evaluation and was granted the 25-pound prize. Roswell Eldridge could not stay alive to see the prize claimed, as he had died only a month before Crufts. A breed club was established in the interest of the breed revived. The breed was named as Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to differentiate from King Charles Spaniel that had a flat face and also well-known as the English Toy Spaniel in the U.S.
In 1928, the club convened its first-ever meeting on the very second day of Crufts. The standard of the breed was drawn up and a written description of how the dog breeds should look. As an example of the breed, Ann’s Son was presented and members of the club gathered up all of the copies of old paintings’ pictures that had small dogs of this type in the paintings. All members of the club agreed upon one thing right from the word go that the dog breed would be kept as natural as possible and shaping and trimming of the breed would be discouraged for the show ring.
The Kennel Club was unwilling to recognize this new breed. But eventually, after the breeders did lots of hard work for years, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel got recognition as a separate breed in 1945.
Two male Cavaliers were imported from England to the U.S. in the 1940s, Bertie of Rookerynook and Robrull of Veren. It wasn’t until 1952, however, that dog breed had his real beginning in the U.S. In that year, the English friend of Mrs. (Sally) Lyons Brown of Kentucky gave Mrs Brown a black and tan bitch puppy named Psyche of Eye worth. She had great affection for the breed and imported some more.
When she realized that she was unable to get her dogs registered by the American Kennel Club, she began getting in touch with people in the U.S. who possessed Cavaliers. At that time, there were only a few breeds. She developed the CKCSC, USA (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club) in 1954. The official breed club was only recording body for Cavalier for more than fifty years in the United States.
During those years, the members from the CKCSC of USA made a decision against pushing for full identification of the dog breed. Feeling the strict code of ethics of the club prevented the breed from being bred commercially. They had feared that too much identification of the dog breed would guide to it getting too famous and that’s why too attractive for breeders who would not sustain the quality they had developed. They mostly kept the miscellaneous status of AKC (American Kennel Club) so that members who needed to show their dog breeds in obedience could do so.
The American Kennel Club invited the CKCSC, USA to be the parent club for this dog breed in 1992. The membership said no. Some members of CKCSC, USA created the American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club (ACKCSC) and applied to the American Kennel Club for parent club status. This was permitted, and in March 1995, the AKC officially recognized the breed. The CKCSC, USA is however a self-standing dog breed registry and for the breed within the AKC, the ACKCSC is the parent club.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Personality
The socially friendly Cavalier takes as his role model humorist Will Rogers, who popularly said he never met a person he didn’t know. The dog breed is willing to meet everybody who crosses his path, and if that person sits down and offers a treat or the lap, he accepts.
The breed comes in a range of personalities like any other dog, from calm and quiet to obstreperous and rambunctious. He may or may not bark when someone comes to the door, so he is a poor choice as a watchdog breed, apart from, that is, for watching the burglar cart off the silver. There are deviations, of course, some Cavalier will let you know about every event in your neighborhood and ferociously give bark when unknown people approach. But overall you are better off getting an alarm system than counting on your Cavalier to make you alert to trouble.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Health
You can find the Cavalier normally fairly healthy. But just like all breeds, he can also have certain health conditions. Not every Cavalier will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.
Before getting to buy a Cavalier, it is crucial to investigate the health concerns that affect both parents of the puppy. Both the parents must have clearances of health from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia and von Willebrand’s disease from Auburn University for thrombopathia. And certifying that the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), you can also have health clearances through visiting OFA web site (offa.org).
The breed can suffer from the following diseases:
- Mitral Valve Disease (MVD)
- Syringomyelia (SM)
- Episodic Falling
- Hip Dysplasia
- Patellar Luxation
- Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry Eye)
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Care
His size and normally quiet nature make the breed a good candidate for apartments or condo living. He remains rather active indoors, and a small yard is enough for his needs of exercise.
A securely fenced yard or walks on a leash are indispensable for this dog breed. He has no street smarts and if he catches sight of a bird or other interesting preys, he will run in front of a car. Your breed will enjoy a walk on daily basis or romp in the yard and will customize the level of his activity to your own. Avoid walking him during the heat of the day and never leave him out in a hot yard without the approach of cool or shade, fresh water because he is a rather short-nosed breed.
Feeding Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog
Recommended daily amount: 1/2 to 1 cup of the good quality dry food every day which is divided into two meals.
NOTE: How much your adult Cavalier eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
If you are not sure, whether he is overweight or not look down on him first and then you will be able to see his waist. Now keep your hands on his back and your thumbs on his spine, along with the fingers that spread downward. You will be able to feel his ribs but not see without pressing hard. If you can’t, he definitely will need more exercise and less food.
If you feed a raw diet or canned, it is a great idea to cover the ears with a headband, or snood while your breed eats. Otherwise, he will end up with food in his fur, not a good look. For food and water, look for bowls with a narrow diameter so his ears do not drag in them.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog with Children and Other Pets
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog breed can be a great playmate for the children who will enjoy throwing a ball for them, teaching them tricks, taking a part in dog sports, or simply getting him on a lap while he reads or watches television. Because of his small size, however, you must supervise him when he is playing with small kids who may accidentally injure him.
As with every dog breed, Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs, and the interactions between young children and dogs must always be supervised to prevent any biting or tail or ear pulling. Teach your children never try to approach any dogs while they are sleeping or eating or taking their food away. No dog, no matter how friendly, you should never ever leave the breed with a child without any supervision.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog gets on well with other dogs and can learn to play nicely with other pets and cats if he is introduced to them at a puppy-hood. If the cat is willing to stand up for herself, he helps her because the breed loves a good game of chase. If the cat chases back, he even enjoys it. Some Cavalier dog breeds peaceably live with pet birds while other breeds try to eat them or at the really least pull their tails. Always supervise communication of your Cavalier with birds and other small animals. The breed can possess a strong hunting instinct.