English Cocker Spaniel dog breed is medium in size with long ears and a happy temperament. His name Cocker comes from his work to hunt woodcock in England, although English Cocker has also been utilized to hunt a lot of other kinds of birds. He is an excellent companion dog for those who give him the exercise he requires.
Dog Breed Group: Sporting Dogs
Height: 1 foot, 3 inches to 1 foot, 5 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 26 to 34 pounds
Life Span: 12 to 14 years
American and English Cockers were thought to be the same dog breed. In the 1930s, the decision was taken to categorize them as separate breeds when it got clear that Cocker Spaniel in the U.S. was different than Cocker in Britain. The English Cocker Spaniel dog breed is larger than the American Cocker. Both of them have different body types as well. And unlike the American Cocker, You can find the English Cocker in the field alongside cousins of the breed the Field Spaniel and Welsh Springer Spaniel and English Springer Spaniel.
The English Cocker is a pleased, loving and a sturdy dog. He has a square, long muzzle, expressive eyes, long ears that are close to the tip of his nose when pulled forward, and also has a docked tail. The English Cocker’s coat is medium in length, although you see the English Cocker in the field has a shorter coat than those in the ring of the show. His height is 14 to 17 inches at the shoulder and his weight is between 26 and 34 pounds. The English Cocker has a great deal of energy and stamina as a one of the best sporting dog breeds. He is a curious dog and enjoys investigating things as well. He is a phenomenal retriever with a delicate mouth that hunts really well in terrain having difficulties.
While he is smart, he can sometimes become obstinate, particularly if he doesn’t see a good purpose for dealing with what you want him to do. Obedience training is always a great idea with any dog in the world, but particularly with hunting dogs. Because he is so affectionate towards his people, it is crucial to utilize consistent, gentle training that will not break the spirit of your dog. Training assists to keep your dog stimulated mentally. This is a dog breed that enjoys learning. The talents of the breed have no limits to the field. He can do well in obedience trials, tracking, agility, and fly-ball as well.
Because he is a really people-oriented dog, he thrives on remaining with his family. He can become devastating if stays home alone often with no activity or companionship. He gets on with kids well and is a great companion for people of every age.
Need to Know about English Cocker Spaniel
English Cocker Spaniel is likely to be difficult to train at home. Training of crate is recommended. Some English Cockers bark a great deal. The breed is eager to amuse and loves to remain close to his family. But he is a hunting dog and can start running after small animals or birds when he is outside. Make sure to keep this breed on a leash whenever you are not in an area without a fence. Teach your Cocker to come to you when you call.
This dog breed does possess a soft personality. Harsh methods of training can make him shut down completely or fearful. Make sure you use consistent, gentle training to obtain the best results. If your Cocker does not have enough exercise, he may get devastating and obese. The ears of the breed are susceptible to infections of the ear.
In order to have a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, pet store, or puppy mill. Always search for a breeder with the reputation of testing her breeding dogs to ensure they stay free of inheritable diseases that they may pass onto the puppies, and that they possess sound nature.
English Cocker Spaniel History
Spaniel of going up and down sizes have been around for hundreds of years. We have got references to spaniel is as far back as the works of Shakespeare and Chaucer. You can find Spaniel in two types, one is water spaniel and the second is land spaniel. This English Cocker belongs to the family of land spaniel. He gets his name from the job he dealt with, that was to hunt a type of game bird “Woodcock”.
It was not uncommon for a single litter spaniel to have puppies of various sizes until the past century. Breeders would have to make a decision which uses the puppies in their litters appeared most suited for, depending on their muscle, size, stamina, and intelligence. However, British breeders started to divide the spaniel into a particular dog breed towards the end of the 19th century: Welsh Springer, English Springer, Field, Cocker, Clumber, Sussex, and Irish Water Spaniel.
The spaniel that had less than 25 pounds weight was categorized as a Cocker Spaniel. Over some designations of the weight, the decision was made that type ought to be more crucial than weight in deciding the breed of the dog. The Spaniel Club of England was formed in 1885. One of the first tasks of the club was to make qualities of the breed for every different type of spaniel.
The Cocker’s development took a different direction. The breeders from America chose for smaller dogs with a shorter muzzle, a skull in a round shape and a heavier coat. It was crystal clear that English and American Cocker Spaniels were two quite different types by 1935. The English Cocker Spaniel Club was formed in 1936 in America. The American Kennel Club registered as separate breeds in two varieties in 1946. One is called the Cocker Spaniel and the other the English Cocker Spaniel.
Although the American Cocker Spaniel turned out to be fairly famous in the U.S., the English Cocker is one of the most famous breeds in the U.K. In the U.S., His comparative lack of fame has assisted the dog to stay with good health and true to his roots being a hunting dog and pleasing companion. The AKC registered the English Cocker Spaniel and the dog currently ranked 74th among the 155 varieties and breeds.
English Cocker Spaniel Personality
This dog breed is mentioned as affectionate and cheerful with an easy-going disposition. The breed is trainable, playful, and cordial towards humans and other dogs. The English Cocker will bark to alert you when someone is approaching. The English Cocker Spaniel requires early socialization as every dog needs. He needs exposure to a lot of different sights, people, experiences, and sounds when he is young. The socialization assists to make sure that your puppy grows up to be a great companion dog.
English Cocker Spaniel Health
The breed is normally a healthy dog. But like every breed, he is vulnerable to specific conditions of health. Not every Cocker will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed. If you are about to but a puppy, find a responsible breeder who will let you have health clearances for both parents of your puppy. The clearances of health prove that the breeder has tested a dog for a specific condition.
Before getting to buy an English Cocker, it is crucial to investigate the health concerns that affect both parents of the puppy. Both the parents must have clearances of health from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia and von Willebrand’s disease from Auburn University for thrombopathia. And certifying that the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), you can also have health clearances through visiting OFA web site (offa.org).
- Eye problems
- Hip Dysplasia
- Renal Failure
- Congenital Sensorineural Deafness
- Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
English Cocker Spaniel Care
The dog breed is adjustable and may even do well in an apartment dwelling as long as he gets exercise on daily basis to keep him in shape. He has a lot of stamina, so he loves games of fetch, long, brisk walks, or sports like fly-ball or agility. From 9 weeks to 4 months of age puppy has different requirements of exercise. The kindergarten for puppy once or twice a week is a nice idea to provide him to get exercise. Training, and socialization, as well as 15 to 20 minutes of playtime in the morning and evening, will be good. Also, throw a ball for him to fetch.
Obedience classes weekly and about half mile walks regularly will fulfil his requirements from 4 to 6 months of age as well as playtime in the yard. Play fetch with a ball when mornings or evenings are cool from 6 months to one year of age, avoid the heat during the day. Your English Cocker puppy may start jogging with you when he becomes one year old. As the breed goes mature, you can expand the time and distance you run. Such stages of exercise will gradually defend his developing joints and bones.
With a gentle hand, teach your English Cocker. He has got a sensitive nature of spaniel and will not give response positively to harshness. Always use positive techniques of reinforcement like praise, food rewards, and play. The breed learns fast and if you provide him training with consistency and fun, you will become more than pleased with the abilities of your breed. Like every dog, English Cocker has got a mischievous side. He is chowhounds as well. Keep garbage and food out of his reach or anything else you do not want him to get into. A crate is the best way to stop him to get into trouble when you are not supervising.
English Cocker Spaniel Feeding
Recommended daily amount: 1 to 2 cups of good quality dry food every day that is divided into two meals.
NOTE: How much your adult Cocker eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
If you are not sure, whether he is overweight or not look down at him first and then you will be able to see his waist. Now keep your hands on his back and your thumbs on his spine, along with the fingers that spread downward. You will be able to feel his ribs but not see without pressing hard. If you can’t, he definitely will need more exercise and less food.
English Cocker Spaniel with Children and Other Pets
The dog breed is really cordial, gentle, and a fun-loving family dog that does well with kids particularly if he grows up with them. Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs. You should always supervise interactions between young kids and dog to avoid any tail or ear pulling or biting on the part of either party. Teach your children never try to get closer to any dog while he is eating or sleeping or to try to take food from the dog away. No dog should remain alone with a child without any supervision. English Cocker loves the other dogs’ company and may get on well with cats as well, particularly if he has introduction of them at an early age.
Males: Stand 16 to 17 inches tall
Weight: 28 to 34 pounds
Females: Stand 15 to 16 inches tall
Weight: 26 to 32 pounds