The English Springer Spaniel grew up as a gun dog to flush, or spring, game in the field, but the breed is a famous companion as well. Versatile and athletic, he has been well-known to take part in agility, tracking, obedience trials, hunt tests and more. And the breed is a great friend to get on when you go camping or hiking.
Dog Breed Group: Sporting Dogs
Height: 1 foot, 6 inches to 1 foot, 10 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 45 to 55 pounds
Life Span: 9 to 15 years
The English Springer Spaniel got his name because he springs at the game to flush it for the hunter. He has long been one favorite with sportsmen. But this beautiful, lively dog also makes a great family companion if he gets the exercise and training he requires.
English Springer Spaniel is intelligent, enthusiastic and eager to please. He is a happy dog and seems to possess a nice sense of humor. He often does well with children if he grows up with them from puppyhood and is loving towards his family. The breed is also normally good with other pets in the home, even small ones. But may see pet birds as prey since the purpose of his breeding is to hunt.
Because he is a hunting dog, English Springer Spaniels needs a great deal of exercise. But keep him on a leash in open areas or he may decide to go hunting on his own. Because he is such a good athlete, a lot of non-hunting owners take part in activities like obedience, tracking, flyball, and agility with their English Springer Spaniels. He also makes a wonderful therapy dog, bringing smiles to people in nursing homes and hospitals.
If strangers come to your house, this dog breed will bark. But if you are searching for a guard dog, keep looking. He is a gentle, loving dog who anticipates even strangers to give attention to them. Because of his loving nature, he is not a one-person dog. He is really people-oriented, and shouldn’t remain home alone for long periods.
English Springer is one of the best medium dog breeds with the drop ears and the typical gentle spaniel expression. A dense, medium-length coat adorned with feathering, a long fringe of hair, on the ears, legs, chest, and belly protect his compact body. His body is a little longer than he is tall. It is because a dog breed can easily get tired when his body is too long.
If you were to put two English Springer Spaniel dog breeds next to each other, they may look fairly different. It is because, in a lot of sporting dog breeds, breeders breed some dogs to do work in the field, while others they primarily breed for show dogs. Finally, they become two very different kinds, and this is what has happened with English Springer Spaniel.
The show dogs and gene pools of the field have been almost fully segregated for around 70 years. The dog breed is an athlete and he looks the part. He often has shorter coats, his nose is pointier, and his ears are not as long. Field Springer is bred for the ability of hunting, trainability, and sense of smell.
Show Spring Spaniel has longer ears, a squarer muzzle, and longer hair. He is prized for his good showmanship and appearance. The show dog can hunt, but the breed is too slow and methodical to do well in the field trials, that is where field-bred Springer shine.
When you are choosing a pup, the differences affect you. Both types require a great deal of exercise. If you need a companion, a field-bred Springer might have more energy than you want or need. Search for a pup from show lines. If you need a Springer that will be competitive in field trials, just the opposite is fine.
When you talk to breeders, it is quite essential, then, to get a clear idea of what you need from a Springer. He can assist you to choose the puppy who is right for you or direct you to a breeder whose good dog breeds will better fit your requirements. In fact, this is the test of a really good breeder who wants to assist you to choose the dog who is right for you.
Need to know about English Springer Spaniel
The dog breed doesn’t like to remain alone and may become terrible barker if is lonely or bored. There have been reports of English Springer Spaniel who are overly submissive or aggressive in recent years. Make sure to have your Springer from a breeder who tests her breeding dogs for temperament and health.
Basically, there are 2 varieties of English Spring Spaniel: one has the tendency to work in the field, and the other intends to show. Make sure you know the difference well and get the type which suits your requirements. Do not anticipate your English Springer Spaniel to become a good guard dog. He barks at when strangers come around and noises, but quickly settle down and wants to be a pet.
The dog breed was developed to have great energy and stamina. Make sure that you can give your dog proper exercise or he may become destructive and nervous. Some English Springer Spaniels may display submissive urination that means they pee in anxiety or excitement when you come home. The best way to deal with it by not paying attention to or looking at your dog until you have been at home for a few minutes. Your puppy may grow out of such behavior if you keep on doing this.
When you take English Springer Spaniel to unprotected areas, make sure to keep him on a leash. You never know when your breed will see a bird and go after it because of his instinct!
In order to have a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, pet store, or puppy mill. Always search for a breeder with the reputation of testing her breeding dogs to ensure they stay free of inheritable diseases. They may pass onto the puppies, and that they possess sound nature.
English Springer Spaniel History
Spaniel-type dog breed is said to have found in Spain. Therefore his name a lot of centuries ago and was probably taken to other parts of the world via trading ships or by the Romans. As early as 300 A.D, Spaniels were mentioned in Welsh law. That’s more than 1,700 years ago!
Spaniel who looks similar to English Springer Spaniel in the present is depicted in the artwork of 16th and 17th century. The spaniel was used to flush small animals or game birds before guns were invented by springing at them. And herding them into the open so they could be captured by coursing hounds, hunting hawks, or nets flung over them. Spaniels for shooters, proved to be especially adept at flushing game when firearms were invented in the 17th century.
The dog of the same litter was categorized by their hunting use rather than their breed during the 19th and early 20th centuries in England. Same dog breeds in the litter would be utilized to hunt woodcock, and that’s why they were called Cockers. Larger puppies in the same litter would be used to flush game and were described as Springers.
The Kennel Club of England gave a special position in their Stud Book for the English Springer Spaniel in 1902 In 1903, a separate categorization at their show. Mr William Arkwright judged the dog breed at that show. He awarded the best of opposite sex went to Mr Harry Jones’ bitch Fansome and dog Challenge Certificate to Mr Winton Smith’s Beechgrove Will. Beechgrove Will turned out to be the first Champion of the breed by 1906.
A Canadian breeder imported an English Springer Spaniel in 1913. The dog breed had turned out to be one of the most popular breeds that the American Kennel Club (AKC) registered just more than 10 years later. The English Springer Spaniel who competed in field trials on one day may appeared in conformation dog show the next day.
That changed in the beginning of 1940s when field trial enthusiasts started breeding dogs with abilities which would give great results in the field. And show enthusiasts started to breed dogs who were both consistent with the standard of the breed and had the “flash” to win in the show ring.
The field-bred dog is bred for a strong sense of smell, style, speed, endurance and working ability above all, and the two types aren’t interbred today. Both types have the tendency to do work and have the ability to be trained to the gun. But very few English Springer Spaniels do work in both show events and field. Whether the breed is a show or field dog, however, English Springer spaniel is a popular breed today. And he is ranking 26th among the breeds that the American Kennel Club has registered.
English Springer Spaniel Personality
The normal Springer dog breed is friendly, willing to obey, quick to learn, and eager to please. He should never be timid or aggressive. There have been reports of excessive timidity or aggression in the breed in recent years, as well as excessive anxiety of separation. These characteristics are not desirable and can be an indication of poor breeding. As with every dog breed, it is crucial to research breeders and find ones who test their breeding stock not only for temperament but genetic diseases as well.
A number of factors affect temperament, including socialization, training, and heredity. Puppies with nice natures are playful and curious, willing to remain with people and be held by them. Select the middle-of-the-road puppy, not the one who is hiding in the corner or the one who is hitting his littermates. Try to meet at least one of the parents, often the mother is the one that is available to make sure that they have good nature that you are comfortable with. Meeting any of the siblings or other relatives of the parents will also assist you in evaluating what a puppy will be like when she grows up.
English Springer spaniel needs early socialization like every dog, exposure to a lot of different people, experiences, sounds, and sights when he is young. Socialization assists to make sure that your puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.
English Springer Spaniel Health
The breed is normally a healthy dog. But like every breed, he is vulnerable to specific conditions of health. Not every English Springer Spaniel will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.
If you are about to but a puppy, find a responsible breeder who will let you have health clearances for both parents of your puppy. The clearances of health prove that the breeder has tested a dog for a specific condition.
Before getting to buy an English Springer Spaniel, it is crucial to investigate the health concerns that affect both parents of the puppy. Both the parents must have clearances of health from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia and von Willebrand’s disease from Auburn University for thrombopathia. And certifying that the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), you can also have health clearances through visiting OFA web site (offa.org).
- Hip Dysplasia
- Retinal Dysplasia
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
- Skin Disorders
- Ear Infections
- Phosphofructokinase (PFK) Deficiency
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
English Springer Spaniel Care
English Springer Spaniels The dog breed is a devoted, loving dog. He can comfortably remain in most homes as long as he gets plenty of exercises daily.
The amount of exercise your adult dog breed requires depends; Field Springer requires more than Show Springer. If you possess a fenced acreage or yard where he can play, your Springer will enjoy remaining outdoors with you while you read or garden or grill dinner. The breed will run around on you, then check in with you every few minutes, just as he may do in the field with a hunter. One or two long walks daily will also assist him to work off all that energy of Springer. Springer likes to swim as well, and if you have access to a lake or a pool, it is a great way for him to have exercise.
English Springer Spaniel Feeding
Recommended daily amount: 1.5 to 2 cups of good quality dry food every day that is divided into two meals. Puppies might eat as much as four cups a day.
NOTE: How much your adult Cocker eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
English Springer Spaniel Children and Other Pets
Springer often does well with kids if he grows up with them from puppyhood. Older Springer who is not familiar with children might do well in a home with kids who are mature enough to appropriately interact with him.
Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs. You should always supervise interactions between young kids and dog to avoid any tail or ear pulling or biting on the part of either party. Teach your children never try to get closer to any dog while he is eating or sleeping or to try to take food from the dog away. No dog should remain alone with a child without any supervision.
Springer is also commonly good with other pets in the home, even small ones, but he might see pet birds as prey since they are bred to hunt. Keep them separated so they do not hurt each other.
Height: Stand 18 to 22 inches tall
Weight: 45 and 55 pounds