The French Spaniel dog breed exists in a medium to large size from France. He got creation and development for hunting as way back as the 14th century. While his main establishment and happened origination in France and some were in Canada. The breed is mentioned as being a Spaniel like Setter and is one of the types of largest Spaniel we have with a life span of 10 to 12 years. He is an affectionate dog and as well as being an outstanding hunting dog. He can be a wonderful companion and family dog.
French Spaniel History
Mentioning of Spaniel kind dogs in France can be found way back in the 1300s. He was famous in hunting particularly in the Middle Age period. He became pretty a favorite with the French nobility and royalty. There were long haired pointing dogs in several sizes in many parts of Western Europe by the middle of the 1800s. There were a lot of colors and sizes in France and there were some clear differences of region. He had been into one group that was called the spaniels of France for a long time. But when there was more interest with standards and breeding, the decision was made to divide them into different breeds in the late 1800s. In 1891, the French Spaniel and his standard were drawn up.
By 1906 a French priest named Abbe Fournier took a decision to spend the rest of his life to revive this breed. He brought as many almost pure or pure dogs together as possible. He began a program breeding to save the dog from getting extinct. In 1921 a club came into being whose president was Fournier to motivate strict practices of breeding. At first, he got the success. But then the two world wars occurred which had a destructive effect on many of the dog breeds of the world but particularly in France. The French Spaniel reached all time minority.
New Lease on Life
Further efforts were made after World War II in order to revive the breed the very few numbers remaining were used. The progress continued by the 1960s, the numbers increased and French Spaniel was appearing in trials and shows once again. In 1975, hunters imported dogs In Quebec in Canada. They began breeding and established their own club named the Club de l’Epagneul Francais. In 1985, the breed got recognition from the Canadian Kennel Club.
It has become rather famous in Quebec since, over 12 breeders are registering around 100 puppies in one year. The breed continued to grow in numbers in France and has turned out to be one of the more famous French pointing breeds. The FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) and the UKC (United Kennel Club) have also given him recognition but he has not been recognized by the AKC and the Kennel Club in the UK yet.
French Spaniel at Present
The French Spaniel dog breed exists in medium to large size. He stands 21 to 25 inches tall and weighs from 45 to 60 pounds. The tallest spaniel type is the English springer spaniel and he is the second tallest spaniel. He has got a strong legs, deep chest and strong body with a back slopping a little, a tail that is long and large muscled thighs. His neck is medium in length, arched and powerful. His coat can be straight or wavy and is medium in length.
He is dense, water resistant and on the back of his legs, ears and tail there is longer feathering. You can find him in white with brown markings that can be any shade from a light cinnamon to dark liver colors. The head length is medium and chiseled and it is in proportion to the rest of the body. It has got big eyes that are oval and dark amber and ears are hanging and set back and lined up with the eyes. His nose is brown and wide and the lower lip is covered by the upper lip.
French Spaniel Temperament
The French Spaniel is an outgoing, happy, sweet, and friendly dog that constructs firm bonds with his owner. When he gets moderate exercise, he is calm and composed. While he is hunting he is a smartly intelligent dog. He should not be a hostile dog when he is not out in the field. He actually likes to have humans around him. The breed requires companionship of people. This is the reason why he needs owner who does not remain outdoors for a long period of time. The breed surely suffers from anxiety of separation if he remains home alone for so long. He is affectionate and loyal to his family and will demand a great deal of attention from you.
French Spaniel is eager to amuse but requires gentle tackling even though you still require being firm. He needs owner who is quite active as well. He can get hyper, unhappy, devastating and nervous with too much scolding, physical handling or not mental stimulation and good enough exercise. This dog breed gets on with unknown people and can vary. Some of them are friendlier which means with friendly behavior. They can’t be the best watchdog, and some are gentle but a little bit more wary. He is surely too social and not aggressive to be a dog as a guard. His affection and faithfulness for his owner can mean that he accepts you more than enthusiastically.
French Spaniel Appearance
As mentioned above he is intelligent and likes to amuse which makes training moderately easy as long as you keep in mind while you require being firm, you need to be polite and positive in your approach with this dog breed. Be consistent, patient and use positive techniques and stick to the rules. Give him a great deal of praise, reward his success, encourage him, and use things like treats to motivate. Also make sure you let him have early socialization by introducing him to different people, animals, situations, sounds and such so he learns how to behave with them and how to react in a manner that is acceptable.
The French Spaniel is a working dog breed and he has got creation to possess a great deal of stamina. He is pretty active and requires a handsome amount of mental and physical stimulation every day. When he is hunting, he is quite capable of going for hours and can deal with hard terrain and even the water. When he is not hunting, he requires long walks and brisk every day and also play with each day. It is not an ideal dog for apartment, he requires space as he sometimes has got the tendency to be active indoors, and he requires at least a yard for outside time, some land would be even better. He loves to have work to do as well.
French Spaniel Care and Grooming
There will be some hair around the home to deal with because his medium coat does shed a light to average amount. He should be brushed twice a week at least to let him remain healthy and clear of loose hair and debris. Only let him have a bath when he requires one as a great deal of problems with dogs that are getting issues of skin can stem from owner that he makes schedule for a bath and frequent thing. That can literally damage the natural oil of his skin which he requires for good health for skin as well as for coat. For the same reason when he requires a bath, use only a shampoo made especially for dogs.
He will need bathing and brushing and some other things to be done to take care of him. When his nails become too long, you should clip them by using a proper tool for dog nail and make sure not to cut too far down. That can bring about bleeding and pain as where the blood vessels and nerves are. Brush his teeth 2 to 3 times a week at least and check his ears for infection on weekly basis. Also let him have a wipe clean by using a dog cleanser for ears or with a damp cloth. Never insert any external object down the ear as that can hurt him and do damage permanently.
French Spaniel Feeding
The French Spaniel will eat between 2¼ to 3¼ cups of a great quality of dry food per day divided into two meals. The quantity he can eat varies from one spaniel to another because of different sizes, metabolism rate, level of activity, health and age. He should also be provided with fresh water.
French Spaniel with children and other pets
French Spaniel with moderate socialization is often pretty good with kids particularly when he grows up with them. He is playful, loving and gentle with them. In fact they can help each other burn off their energy together! It is crucial that any kids must be aware of how to play and touch any dogs. He gets on with other dogs well too and in fact desires to have another dog around him for companionship. The breed loves dogs that are just about the same size as he is though and one that has the similar type of energy levels. He does not get on with other non-canine pets as he has got hunter instincts; keep him on a leash when outdoors so that he does not chase other animals. If he grows up with a cat, he can learn to get on well with a cat in the home.
French Spaniel Health Issues
The following diseases can affect French Spaniel.
- Acral mutilation
- Dermatological issue
- Ear joint dysplasia
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.