This Havanese dog breed has already got countless fans with his silky, long hair, endearing size, and demonstrative eyes. In the 1800s, he was created as one of the companion dogs to the nobility of Cuba. He has obtained the nickname as “Velcro dog” because he loves to remain extremely close to the side of his owner. But never associate him with only lap dog breeds he is also something else. The Havanese dog is amazingly energetic and quite trainable, and very good at dog sports and canine careers ranging from a performer of the circus to helping the handicapped.
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs
Height: 8 inches to 11 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 7 to 13 pounds
Life Span: 12 to 15 years
The breed showers his loving personality on every individual he meets such as children, strangers, other dogs, and even cats. But his family will receive the majority of his affection. He will stick like glue to the side of his owner. The only possible downside to all this dedication is that, when remains alone at home, the breed can be anxious. This is surely a house-dog and if he stays in the backyard for too long or anywhere away from his people, he is not a pleased dog.
The breed’s personality is not that surprising, considering he was created to retain the families that were wealthy of his native Cuba company’s island. However, since then the Havanese has shown that he is great for much more than warming laps. Havanese dog breed is fairly trainable, and he has done work as an assistance and therapy dog, sniffed out termites and mold.
He has got an amazing amount of energy for his size as well, and Havanese will happily tackle sports as freestyle, agility, fly-ball, and obedience.
As with a lot of small dog breeds, it is quite usual for loving owners to indulge their Havanese little bit more. He is a keen con artist, and you might feel that your breed is training you, preferably the other way around. The Havanese is a versatile and fantastic pet despite his quirks or might be even because of them.
Need to Know about Havanese Dog Breed
He is a companion dog breed that loves to remain with his family. When he remains home alone, he can suffer from anxiety of separation. He does well when any of his family members are home during the day to give him company.
It is fairly usual for Havanese puppy to eat his own stool. Scoop the poop of your puppy at once so he can stay away from this bad habit.
He has got a long, silky and beautiful coat, but needs care and brushing on regular basis. Many people choose to clip his hair short, but if you desire to show your breed, you will need to allow it to grow long and give a handsome amount of time and pay your money to a groomer for grooming.
The Havanese dog does really well in every type of living, from homes with large yards to apartments. But he will perhaps bark when he hears a strange noise or when he notices any stranger passing by the house. The great news is that the breed does not bark only to hear his own voice.
The dog breed likes to see the world from up high and will find his way onto the tables and the backs of sofas to see the day passing by.
The Havanese’s favorite toy is Paper and this clever tiny dog can go out to find it, even sniffing through your guests’ jackets. He can get shredding pleasure through the toilet paper for hours. Toss a roll at him and he will enjoy it a great deal.
The breed requires as much exercise as a larger dog needs. An active game or a long walk every day must do it for him.
In order to have a healthy dog breed, never purchase a puppy from a puppy mill, breeder who is irresponsible or pet store. Always find a breeder who has a reputation to test his breeding dogs to ensure they are free of inheritable diseases that they may pass onto the puppies, and that they possess sound temperaments or natures.
Havanese Dog Breed History
The Spanish settlers started to arrive on the island after, in 1492, Columbus claimed Cuba for Spain. They brought small companion dogs, the ancestors of the Bichon family of dogs we see today.
This dog was crossbred and became more unique than other dogs in the life of the island. Later, Spain imposed trade restrictions on Cuba they started to establish into the Havanese we see today. His coat was silky and thick, which assisted to protect the dog from the tropical sun.
In Cuba, Havanese was glorifying a lot of noble families’ laps by the early 1800s. The travellers from Europe were in love with the breed and brought dogs back to France, Spain, and England. In the middle of the 1800s, the breed turned out to be trendy in Europe. Charles Dickens and Queen Victoria were well-known loyal fans of the breed at the time.
At one point, the Havanese turned out to almost vanish even in his homeland Cuba. A few families from Cuba still made and retained the dogs. However, the Cuban Revolution in 1959, 11 Havanese entered the U.S. along with their owners.
This canine refugee is the predecessor of most of the Havanese outside of Cuba at present.
In the 1970s, the rebirth of the dog breed started when a couple from America who reproduced dogs found a few descendants of the eleven dogs that came from Cuba. Delighted by affectionate nature and intelligence, they started finding other Havanese dog breeds and working to re-develop the breed.
Because almost all Havanese dog breeds that don’t belong to Cuba today may discover their family tree to only 11 dogs, breeders are working to extend the American-bred Havanese’s gene pools.
In 1995, the AKC (American Kennel Club) recognized officially the dog breed.
Havanese Dog Breed Personality
The Havanese is an affectionate and gentle dog that desires the companionship of the human. Your breed will usually move behind you from room to room whole day along. He may become fairly anxious when remains alone for too long. He is smart and will love to make you laugh with crazy pranks, or simply sticking to your lap watching the people go by.
A number of factors affect his temperament, including socialization, heredity, and training. The Puppy that has good temperaments is playful and curious and always happy to approach people.
Try always to meet one of the parents at least. The mother is often available to let you have a good idea about temperaments the puppy has, with you can be comfortable. In order to know what nature a puppy will possess when he grows up, meet other relatives or siblings of the parents is also helpful.
The Havanese requires early socialization as every dog needs. He needs exposure to a lot of different sights, people, experiences, and sounds when he is young. The socialization assists to make sure that your puppy grows up to be a great companion dog.
It will be a great idea to enrol him in a class of puppy kindergarten. Invite guests over on regular basis and take him to stores that allow dogs, busy parks, and go to meet neighbors will assist him to improve his social skills as well.
Havanese Dog Breed Health
The Havanese is normally found healthy, but just like all breeds; he can also have certain health conditions. Not every Spaniel will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.
If you are planning to buy a puppy, find a responsible breeder who can show you clearances of health for both parents of your puppy. Health clearance proves that the puppy has been tested for and cleared of a specific condition.
As far as Havanese is concerned, you are supposed to expect to have health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia (with a score of better), von Willebrand, and hypothyroidism disease; from Auburn University for thrombopathia; and from the CERF (Canine Eye Registry Foundation) certifying that the eyes are normal. You can also visit OFA web site (offa.org) to confirm health clearances.
The following diseases may affect the breed.
- Elbow Dysplasia
- Hip Dysplasia
- Legg-Perthes Disease
- Patellar Luxation
- Portosystemic Shunt
- Heart Murmur
- Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
Havanese Dog Breed Care
Although the breed is a small dog, he has got a handsome amount of energy to burn off. A long walk or an active game of fetch on daily basis will help him stay happy.
The dog breed does beautifully in different kinds of homes, from large homes with yards to apartments as long as he stays indoors. This dog breed doesn’t suit life in the backyard. When he is with his family, he is jubilant. Although he isn’t overly yappy, he does bark at passersby, so if you don’t like the noise, this breed might not be the best dog for you.
His keenness to amuse his owner makes this breed pretty easy to train in almost every case. Basic obedience, starting with classes of puppy is advised. However, housetraining can become especially challenging for the breed. So you will require being particularly patient during this process. You will be there but crate training is absolutely a must.
The anxiety of separation can become serious distress for the breed and his owner. The best way to handle this issue is to stay away from it altogether. Never leave your breed home alone for too long. When you do leave, keep him in a crate with a lot of sturdy toys to help him stay happy.
The Havanese dog breed is not a toy although he is small and fuzzy. Like every dog breed, he requires learning good manners of canine.
Havanese Dog Breed Feeding
Recommended daily amount: 1/2 to 1 cup of good quality dry food every day which is divided into two meals.
NOTE: How much your adult breed eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
Let your Havanese be in a healthy shape by measuring his meal and feed him twice a day rather than leaving food the whole day. If you are not sure, whether he is overweight or not look down on him first and then you will be able to see his waist. Now keep your hands on his back and your thumbs on his spine, along with the fingers that spread downward. You will be able to feel his ribs but not see without pressing hard. If you can’t, he definitely will need more exercise and less food.
Havanese Dog Breed with Children and Other Pets
The Havanese is an amazing dog for the family that is affectionate with everybody, including children of all ages and other pets and dogs. But because the breed is so small, he may get hurt easily by accident, so it is particularly crucial to make the children understand how to treat any dogs.
Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs, and the interactions between young children and dogs must always be supervised to prevent any biting or tail or ear pulling. Teach your children never try to approach any dogs while they are sleeping or eating or taking their food away.