Jack Russell Terrier dog was originated about 200 years ago in England to hunt foxes. He is also well-known as the Parson Russell Terrier. The breed is an independent, lively, and clever little dog. He is loving and charming but also a problematic to manage and train. Only experienced owners should buy this dog breed.

jack russell terrier

Crucial Stats:

Dog Breed Group: Terrier Dogs

Height: 10 inches to 1 foot, 3 inches tall at the shoulder

Weight: 13 to 17 pounds

Life Span: 10 to 15 years


We should be grateful to one of those hunting English parsons for developing the Jack Russell Terrier to hunt fox about 200 years ago in the south of England. A parson John Russell (“Jack” to his friend) wanted to have an efficient dog for hunting. He finally decided to design absolutely the dog he had imagined.

He turned out to be an athletic and bold dog. The snatched the hearts of dog loving people with his swiftness, determination, intelligence, and intense desire to hunt. The Jack Russell Terrier is called the Parson Russell Terrier as well. He is liked the most by dog sports enthusiasts, horse owners, animal trainers for television and film. The people who simply value his courageous attitude, entertaining antics, boundless energy, and portable size.

The Jack Russell has got many qualities that make him a perfect dog for the family. He is devoted to his humans and loves to be with them. Once he is fully grown, his inheritance as a dog for hunting makes him a phenomenal companion for jogging. He always remains happy with active older children and can become an affectionate playmate. But his strong nature can be overwhelmed the younger kids.

On the downside, he has got fearless nature that frequently puts him in a way that harms him. He has got a great deal of energy and only a sedate walk around the block cannot satisfy him. This is a dog who enjoys to run and jump and fetch. Always plane to give powerful exercise to him about thirty to forty-five minutes daily.

If you are able to provide him with the training, supervision, attention, and structure he requires. The Jack Russell can surely fill your days with love and laughter. Do the dog and yourself a favor by bearing in mind carefully whether this is the right dog breed for you or not. If it is so, you are absolutely in for a wild but have a wonderful ride.


Need to Know about Jack Russell Terrier Dog

The Jack Russell Terrier loves to dig and able to make pretty a large hole in a very short time like many other terriers. It is quite easier to give him the training to dig in a particular area than it is to break him of a habit of digging.

Jack Russell Terrier must have a fenced yard that is secure to give him enough room to play and burn off his great energy. Jack is well-known to climb trees and even chain link fencing to run away his yard. So it is best if his time is supervised when he is outdoors.

First-time or timid owners who want to have a dog would do well to buy another kind of dog. The Jack will be a great challenge even for a well-experienced dog owner. He is powerful command and needs firm training with consistency.

If he gets training or taught to get on with other dogs at an early age, the aggression of the Jack Russell Terrier towards the other dogs can be a serious problem.

Jack is a bouncy dog and will jump up on things and people and he is able to jump higher than five feet.

Jack Russell Terrier has a high level of energy and an active dog indoors and out. He requires several walks every day, or various entertaining games in the yard.

In order to get a healthy dog, never ever buy a puppy from a puppy mill, backyard breeder or pet store. Always look for a breeder who has got reputation to get her breeding dogs tested to make sure they haven’t got genetic diseases.


Jack Russell Terrier Dog History

The Jack Russell Terrier was originated by Parson John Russell during the mid-1800s in southern England, from whom the dog breed took his name. Russell had a goal to create a terrier who would be able to hunt bolting foxes from their shelter so the hounds could easily chase them.

The Jack Russell turned out to be a favorite of many sportsmen, particularly those who used to hunt on horseback. The dog breed was well-known in the U.S. till the 1930s. The various breed clubs sprang up with dissimilar opinions regarding the appearance of Jack, working ability, and whether he should remain a working dog or compete in shows of confirmation.

Consider the Jack completely a hunting dog, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America maintains his independent registry. But in 2000 the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America (JRTCA) found the recognition by the American Kennel Club. To distinguish it from the dogs registered by the JRTCA, the American Kennel Club renamed the dog breed, calling it the Parson Russell Terrier.


Jack Russell Terrier Dog Personality

The Jack pack with his small body is very spirited and energetic, and devoted, loving, and endlessly entertaining. The breed enjoys his life and all it has got to offer. He is amazingly intelligent, but his willful nature can be difficult to train him. He is really friendly with the people, possibly be aggressive towards the other dogs, cats and animals that is similar to his prey. His courageous nature brings him at risk when he intends to take on a dog that is bigger.

He struggles with routine and structure, but in order to keep his interest, training sessions must be sweet and short. Repetition of the same thing really bores him.

The Jack Russell requires early socialization like every other dog, when he is young, there should be an exposure to many different people, sounds, sights, and experiences


Jack Russell Terrier Dog Health

The Jack Russell Terrier is normally found healthy, but just like all breeds; he can also have certain health conditions. Not every Harrier will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.

If you are planning to buy a puppy, find a responsible breeder who can show you clearances of health for both parents of your puppy. Health clearance proves that the puppy has been tested for and cleared of a specific condition.

You must anticipate seeing health clearances in Jack Russell from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for patellas (knees) and the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) certifying.

The dogs with hereditary defects are not registered by The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America; a particular veterinary exam must be passed by every dog before being registered.

The following conditions and diseases may affect Jack Russell Terrier:

  • Legg-Calve-Perthes
  • Deafness
  • Patellar Luxation/slipped stifles
  • Glaucoma
  • Lens Luxation

Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Care

In order to prevent Jack from chasing other animals, running in front of cars, or challenging dogs that are bigger, always walk your Jack on a leash. Let him have 30 to 45 minutes of strong exercise every day, along with a lot of off-leash play in the yard to keep out of trouble and him tired.

The people who live with Jack Russell must be firm and consistent in what they anticipate. Jack dog breed has got a strong-willed nature, and although he responds to motivation that is positive in a praising way, play, and food rewards, he will turn out to be obstinate in the shape of harsh corrections. Always try to provide your Jack Russell dog breed with routines and rules and apply loads of motivation and patience, however, and you are going to have great results. There is no limit for Jack Russell to learn when he gets the right person to be paired with.

Let your Jack have a lot of positive interactions with other dogs, right from the beginning in puppyhood. An early socialization is really crucial for Jack to prevent aggression towards other dogs.


Jack Russell Terrier Dog Feeding

Recommended daily amount: 1.25 to 1.75 cups of good quality dry food every day that is divided into two meals.

NOTE: How much your adult Harrier eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.

If you are not sure, whether he is overweight or not look down at him first and then you will be able to see his waist. Now keep your hands on his back and your thumbs on his spine, along with the fingers that spread downward. You will be able to feel his ribs but not see without pressing hard. If you can’t, he definitely will need more exercise and less food.


Jack Russell Terrier Dog with Children and Other Pets

Jack Russell Terrier is a loving and an affectionate dog breed that able to do well in homes with older children who have come to know that how to interact with dogs. He is not suitable at all for homes with young children. Besides being energetic, he can snap when he is roughly handled.

Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs, and the interactions between young children and dogs must always be supervised to prevent any biting or tail or ear pulling.



Height: Standing 10 to 15 inches at the shoulder

Weight: From 13 to 17 pounds