The Japanese Terrier is also called Nippon Terrier, Nihon Terrier, and Nihon Teria. This small is purebred dog from Japan. He has got the extreme resemblance to Rat Terrier and Fox Terrier but he is smaller than them and has got lifespan of 10 to 12 years. The breed has been utilized as a vermin hunter but he is usually just a companion dog as well. This dog is usually mentioned as a lap dog breed because of his small size, and his love of cuddles. He is an adorably cute dog with a spirited and jolly personality but even in his home country, he is a rare breed.
Japanese Terrier History
It is thought that the beginning of the Japanese Terrier started in the 1600s when either British or Dutch sailors arrived in Nagasaki of Japan to the one port open for Western trading. They brought dog breeds like the German Pinscher and the Smooth Fox Terrier with them. These dogs were bred with small Pointers and local Japanese dog breeds. Some say he was created into a companion dog and some say he was first utilized as a vermin hunter and then conversion to a companion dog. His popularity as a small dog was spread from Nagasaki to other areas.
The planned breeding started to refine the breed by utilizing the Kobe Terrier in the 1920s. But their work a line of descent that was better constructed and successfully stabilized. The standard of the dog breed was written in 1930 and the Japanese Kennel Club recognized him. However his devastating with World War II impact on dog breeding across the world, numbers decreased and he nearly got extinct.
Luckily only a few remained alive and breeding continued. However, the quantity in Japan is better than they were in past then he is still a rare breed his native country. In the rest of the world, he is even more unknown. He does exist with a minority in Europe and the UK and also the United Kennel Club recognized him in 2006. But AKC (American Kennel Club) does not recognize.
Japanese Terrier at Present
The Japanese Terrier can be a small dog breed or toy dog breed. He stands 8 to 13 inches tall and his weight 5 to 9 pounds. He is a squared, balanced and compact dog with a strong body rather than a delicate one. His tail is quite thin and is often docked in places where he is still allowed. His belly is tucked up with an arched loin and the chest is deep but not broad a great deal. The breed’s coat is smooth, silky, short, slick, and he has got the tight skin. He is often found in common colors with a black or tan head along with a white body that has got some tan or black spotting.
This dog breed has got a wide forehead and a muzzle that is defined clearly with a skull which is rather flat and narrow. The muzzle has got the same length as that skull. He has got a scissor bit, thin and tight lips and the nose is black. His eyes are medium in size, dark and oval and he has also got lean cheeks. The ears are set high and folded over but can be erected when the dog breed is alert.
Japanese Terrier Temperament
The Japanese terrier is an active, spirited and lively breed. He is smartly intelligent too, very affectionate and happy and also loving. He will be onto your lap happily for attention and cuddles. In fact, be ready for a dog that will demand you affection and attention a great deal. This dog does not want to remain home alone for too long. He is very dedicated and loyal to his family and owner. The breed is more likely to be attached to a person over the rest of the members of the family and he can become possessive of his favorite person. If his owner starts paying attention to another pet or even man, he is likely to bark to express his annoyance.
This dog is generally gentle and can be wary and sensitive. So he is not the ideal dog in homes where there is a lot of arguments and stress. He should be cautious with strangers but not aggressive. The breed will bark to alert you of someone is coming or wanting to get in. He will accept them with an introduction though and once he comes to know them can become friendly as well. The Japanese terrier enjoys playing and performing and acting the comic and gathers often together with his toys and lies with them.
Japanese Terrier Training
Training the Japanese Terrier dog breed ought to be piece of cake as long as you keep him gentle, positive but still consistent and firm. Remain patient and calm with him and avoid being rough as he does not respond well to such type of handling. He enjoys learning tricks and performing, early socialization is also essential. Introduce him to different people, places, animals, sounds and situations so he can learn what is normal and acceptable and what is not. If you provide him proper socialization well are a lot happier, more trustworthy and confident.
He is lively and active in spite of his small size means that his requirements are easy to meet even for people who are not that active. If you play with him in the yard, manage to take him for a couple of short walks and two or three times a week. Letting him have off-leash run-time with safety. You can let him have the physical exercise he requires. He has also got the tendency to play indoors and can be a nice apartment dog. But if a small yard is possible, it can be a bonus place to explore and play. Make sure that he is given enough mental stimulation with moderate training or different kinds of toys.
Japanese Terrier Care and Grooming
Japanese Terrier can be a low shed dog throughout all year so anticipate some hair all over the place in the home. You should brush him once or twice a week to keep up with the hair fall and that will assist to remove dirt and debris. It will assist the natural oil to move in his skin around his coat which keeps it shiny and healthy. He does not require visits to a professional groomer regularly and he should only be bathed when he needs but a dog shampoo only. Bathe him too often can bring about issues of the skin by damaging the natural oil.
He will require getting his ears checked for infection once a week and then let him have a wipe clean. You can use a damp cloth with water, or dog ear cleaning solution with a cotton ball. Just do not insert anything into his ear. His teeth must be brushed 2 or 3 times a week at least with toothbrush and toothpaste of dogs. When his nails get too long, his nails will need clipping carefully and make sure that you do not cut into the section which has got blood nerves and vessels that can bring about bleeding and pain or you can have them done by an experienced person, or a vet or a professional groomer.
Japanese Terrier Feeding
He will eat about ½ to 1½ cup of a high quality of dry food divided into two meals every day. The amount can vary based on the size of dog, metabolism, health, age and level of activity.
Japanese Terrier with children and other Pets
He is a wonderful dog around kids. But because of his size he can be injured or hurt easily and that can be a serious problem around smaller kids who do not enough sense. He is playful and loving with them. Always your children must be taught how to play and be gentle with him in a safe way. Most of the Japanese Terriers can get along well with cats if he is raised with them. He may hardly accept smaller non-canine pets and he might chase them. Finally, he can get along with dogs of his size well especially with the same dog breed. But the larger dogs can become a huge problem so supervision is always considered.
Japanese Terrier Health Issues
The Japanese Terrier breed is generally a quite healthy dog with a lifespan of 10 to 12 years. He can suffer from some diseases like:
- Patellar Luxation
- Eye Problems
- Ear infections
In order to have a healthy dog breed, buy from a responsible breeder who can show you parental health clearances. Keep in mind that a lap dog breed requires more awareness with care than other dogs.
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
Japanese Terrier Biting Statistics
According to the reports over the last 35 years on dog attacks on humans, you can never find the Japanese Terrier involved in any attacks. He is already quite rare in all over of the world. The fact is that even in spite of his size the dog can aggressively attack under particular circumstances. Make sure you give the right exercise, food, training and socialization to your breed and treat him well. This is a dog that is less likely to have problems of aggression when he is raised, bred and supervised appropriately.