The Latvian Hound dog breed is medium in size and he was created for various kinds of game such as wild boar, deer, elk and smaller game like rabbits. As a remarkable hunter, he is valued greatly in Latvia by hunters. This is a great companion dog and a tremendous pet for the family as well. He is sweet, friendly and affectionate and was bred to assist hunter while hunting as well as a friend. He has got a lifespan of 12 to 14 years.

latvian hound

Latvian Hound History

The Latvian Hound dog breed was bred in the territory of Latvia in Russia and was created by utilizing a mix of different Polish and English dogs with Lucernese dog breeds. Where He was created for hunters under the rule of Duke Jacob Ketler of Courland in the 1600s. That was a time when hunting was a routine thing with hound dogs and a valued past time but the Duke was ambitious about hunting with his dog breed. The hound was originated and known for many years as the Courland Dog Hound. He was utilized to hunt different sizes of game, wild boar, elk, deer and then smaller animals like rabbits.

The dog has been a part of hunting and tradition for Latvian hunters for 400 years. He would assist the beaters and was also established to have a marvellous personality too. The first association of hunters was constructed in the early 20th century. The Latvian Association for Hunters’ Associations was developed in 1922. The first Latvian hunting dog show was held a year later but then the dog breed was affected negatively by both World War I and II.

Thankfully the breeders began the work of reviving the great dog breed after the wars. They took initiate by finding almost forty dogs that came as close to the Latvian Hound of pre-war days as possible. Latvian breeders displayed their significant efforts in the Breed Dog Show In 1969. The breed was presented to the USSR’s Cynological Council Commission in 1970. The dog breed was approved with a new name, the Latvian Hound in 1971. He is not recognized by the FCI or the AKC though.


Latvian Hound at Present

The Latvian Hound dog is medium in size and his weight is 35 to 45 pounds and stands 16 to 19 inches tall. He has got a muscled and short neck with no wrinkles on skin and a broad and deep chest. His back is flat and straight and powerful and the tail is either held in a straight or saber shape and is quite thick and tapers to the tip. His legs are muscular and the feet are compact and round.

The breed’s doubled coat is poor from inner and the outer coat is short, dense and shiny. Usual colors are black with markings of tan or brown. There are brown markings are on the legs and brown spots above the eyes, on the chest, and under the chin too. His skull should be somewhat broad and the head is shaped like a wedge. The lips are close and the muzzle is straight. He has got long and low set silky ears in an oval shape and hang down close to his head and has got a black nose as well. His eyes are medium in size, dark brown and rounded and very expressive too.


Latvian Hound Temperament

This dog can be very dignified and noble for the moment. But the next he can be friendly and having fun depending on where he is, who he is with and what is going on around him. Being a working dog he is committed, focused, hardworking and firm. As a family and companion dog, he is pleasing, loving, and crave your attention and love. He never likes being left home alone and may suffer from anxiety of separation. He wants to stay close to you, to amuse you. If he is not getting enough attention and feedback from you, he will not be happy.

This is normally a friendly dog but can become cautious with the people he does not know at first. He has got a spirited and feisty side to him. The breed enjoys playing and will bring definite energy to the home. He is a pretty kind-hearted dog breed that absolutely loves his owner and family. He is intelligent and cheerful, loyal and when he is brought up well mindful too. Early socialization is crucial but he is not usually an aggressive dog. He will bark to alert you of any intruder and he has also been well-known to be a defender when required.


Latvian Hound Training

Latvian Hound is somewhat easy to get trained particularly for an owner who has a handsome amount of experience. It is crucial that he is done with patience and consistency intelligent, and that trainer and owner are assertive and firm but avoid being strict. Remain positive and adopt gentle methods for training and you will have better outcomes and a happier dog breed. Begin socialization and training at a young age so that he can avoid growing bad habits that are difficult to be broken. Use rewards, encouragement, treats and introduce him to different people, places, animals, situations, sounds and so on.

He is a fairly active dog breed and will require a lot of activities every day. Keep him healthy and happy and well behaved. The breed  requires a lot of mental stimulation as well or he will easily get bored and stand up to mischief. He is an energetic and athletic dog so take him outdoors for a couple of good long walks per day. Also, make sure he gets play time physically with you every day. He has got chance to go somewhere off leash safely like a dog park where he can run freely. He is not the best dog breed for an apartment because he really does require a yard, and as a hunting and working dog. The breed will thrive nicely in a rural setting rather than an urban one.


Latvian Hound Care and Grooming

The Latvian Hound dog breed has got a short coat which is easy to groom and is not need high maintenance. He sheds an average amount so some hair you will find around the home. But brushing him once or twice per week can assist to keep up with the hair fall. Always avoid giving him a bath too often. Just let him have once when he really requires it. A good quality of dog shampoo must be used when washing him or his natural oils can be damaged.

Other requirements of maintenance are the things that a good owner needs to do. His ears must be examined or checked at least once a week for infection, like an unusual discharge, irritation, redness or a buildup of wax. Never try to insert anything into the ears for cleaning, use only a warm damp cloth or a canine ear cleanser liquid with a cotton ball. When his nails get too long, you must clip them. If you want to clip them yourself, take very good care while using dog nail clippers and do not cut them too far down where the blood vessels and nerves are. It will hurt your dog breed and may cause a fair amount of bleeding. His gums and teeth require brushing 2 to 3 times a week at least and use a dog toothpaste and toothbrush.


Latvian Hound Feeding

Feed the Latvian Hound dog breed about 1¾ to 2¼ cups of a high quality of dry food every day divided into two meals. How much your dog eats can be changed and depending on different factors like his level of activity, metabolism, health, age and build.


Latvian Hound with children and other Pets

The Latvian Hound dog breed can be excellent with kids when he gets proper socialization and grows up well with them. He is glad to play and he is affectionate and sweet towards the kids. Always teach your children how to approach, touch and play with dogs. He has got a strong prey drive so socialization is indispensable around small pets as well. In general, He can get on well with other dogs but some can be more territorial and some can be nervous.


Latvian Hound Health Issues

The lifespan of the Latvian Hound dog breed is 12 to 14 years. There are no serious issues of health reported but every dog does face some medical issues throughout their lives. He may suffer from some diseases like

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Eye problems
  • Bloat
  • Ear infections

Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.


Biting Statistics

According to the reports that the dogs have attacked humans and brought about bodily harm in Canada and the US over the last three or more decades. There is no mention of the Latvian Hound dog breed. He is a hunting dog but he is not aggressive. He is also true that every dog has the tendency to become aggressive. There is no entirely safe dog breed and size only impacts on damage which may be done. It is so crucial that owner should consider the dog that suits him or his lifestyle. An owner should also give the dog enough physical and mental stimulation. You should give him a healthy diet, a lot of affection and attention and good basic training along with socialization.