The Rottweiler dog was initially bred to herd cattle to the market. Later he was utilized to pull carts for butchers. He was one of the earliest police dog breeds and served with honor in the military. Most important, he is a popular family friend and guardian.
Dog Breed Group: Working Dogs
Height: From 1 foot, 10 inches to 2 feet, 3 inches
Weight: 85 to 130 pounds
Life Span: 8 to 11 years
The Rottweiler is true and powerful with an affectionate heart like the mythical Greek hero Hercules. People affectionately call Rott or Rottie, the dog breed originated in Germany, where he was utilized to herd cattle and pull carts for butchers and farmers. That inheritance is reflected in the heavily muscled body and the broad chest of Rottie. He displays stamina and strength when he moves, but you see warm when you look into his eyes, dark-brown pools reflecting an alert, intelligent, mellow, and fearless expression. A well-bred Rottweiler always remains confident and calm. The breed typically reserved toward the people he doesn’t know, but never fearful or coward. When Rottweiler confronts with new situations and people, he displays a “wait-and-see” attitude.
When these traits come together as they should, the breed is a naturally protective dog with a mellow disposition who is successful not only in military, police, and customs work but also as a guard and family friend. Rottweiler does have a natural instinct to defend his family and can become ferocious in his protection. It is essential to channel his protectiveness and strength by giving early socialization, fair, consistent, firm training and leadership, and work to perform on daily basis. When you don’t do it, the breed can become a dangerous bully rather than the friendly guardian he should be. Rottweiler differentiates between aggressiveness and protectiveness quite well.
If he is not carefully bred for an intelligent, calm temperament and properly trained and socialized, the breed can be overly protective. This may sound like what you desire, but a Rottweiler who lacks the ability to differentiate is dangerous to everybody he encounters, not only the bad people. You must give your Rottie leadership that he can respect and trust without resorting to physical force or anger. Otherwise, the breed will take the role of the top dog for himself. With a dog breed as intelligent and powerful as the Rottweiler, this is a recipe for huge trouble. Despite what you may have heard, Rottie is not inherently vicious or temperamentally unsound. Well-socialized, well-bred Rottweiler is gentle, playful, and affectionate to his family.
He is easy to train if treated with respect and makes one of the greatest companion dogs. As awesome as Rottweiler can be, he is not the dog for everybody. You should not only have the devotion to socializing and training your breed, but you should also deal with those who don’t understand the breed. Because of tragic or bad experience with Rottie or other large dogs, some cities have banned the dog. It is not fair to figure an entire breed by the actions of some, but it is a reality you must deal with if you have a Rottweiler. If you give this breed the structure and guidance he needs, you will have reward with one of the best companions on earth.
Need to Know about Rottweiler Dog
Rottweiler is a powerful, large dog and needs extensive training and socialization from puppyhood. Even if you socialize and train your Rottie, anticipate being subjected to at times unfair advance judgments about your breed. Even maybe having false allegations made about him, by the people who fear him.
Due to the current bias against dogs like Rottweiler and claims which they can be dangerous, you might have to carry further liability insurance to own one, relying on the ordinances in your area. In some places, you might not even be able to own this breed, or might be forced to give up any that you own. Rottweiler dog adores people and wants to remain with his family. If he remains alone for a long period of time or doesn’t have proper exercise, he may become destructive.
If he grows up with children, well-bred Rottweiler gets on fine with them. The breed must be taught, however, what is acceptable behavior with the kids. Rottweiler has a natural instinct to drive and may “bump” kids to drive them. Because of his size, this “bump” may bring about children to fall down and injure themselves. Additionally, some breeds have a powerful prey drive and may become overly excited when kids play and run. When Rottweiler is around kids, always supervise them.
If you own an adult Rottie, introduce new pets carefully, especially dogs. He can become aggressive towards new dogs, particularly those of the same gender. Under your command, however, your breed may learn to peacefully coexist with his new companion. Rottweiler dog is intelligent and is extremely trainable if you are consistent and firm.
He can test his owner to see if they really mean what they say. Be certain in what you ask, and make sure not to leave any loopholes for him to exploit. Rottie needs a couple of 10- to 20-minute playtimes or walks every day. He has a double coat and does shed heavily in the fall and the spring, somewhat throughout the rest of the year. Most Rottweilers snore quite a lot. If his food intake is not checked, he tends to overeat and can gain weight.
In order to have a healthy dog, never buy a pup from the breeder, pet store, or puppy mill who are irresponsible. Find a credible breeder who tests his breeding dogs to ensure they’re free of genetic diseases which they may pass onto the pups, and that they have good nature.
Rottweiler Dog History
Rottweiler dog originates from the Molossus that is a mastiff-type breed. His ancestors moved to Germany with the Romans, driving the cattle which is a source of strength to them as they defeated the well-known world. The large dogs were bred with dogs that were native to the areas they passed through as the army travelled and put the foundation for new good dog breeds. Southern Germany was one of the areas through which they passed, where the Romans set up the population to take advantage of soil and climate that were suitable for agriculture. They constructed homes roofed with red tile. As they were constructing a new church more than six hundred years later, residents of the area excavated the site of the ancient Roman baths and discovered one of the red-tiled villas. The discovery brought a new name for the town: das Rote Wil “the red tile”.
Rottweiler grew as a market area for cattle over the centuries, the Texas cowtown German equivalent, and the descendants of the Roman Molossus dogs herded the cattle to the town for butchering. The cattlemen put their filled purses around the neck of their Rottweiler when they returned home in order to keep their money safe from thieves after selling their livestock. In the area, the butchers also used the dog breeds to pull carts loaded with meat. Later, the cattle drive was replaced by rail transport. Nearly, the dog breed became extinct. Only a nondescript Rottweiler appeared at a dog show in Heilbronn, Germany, in 1882. That particular situation started to change in 1901 when the Leonberger and Rottweiler Club was established and the first Rottweiler breed standard was written.
The description of the breed’s trait and appearance has changed a little since then. The police started to use Rottweilers for their work, for that they suited quite well. The number of Rottweiler breed clubs were established over the years, but the one with staying power was the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub) formed in 1921. The Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub survived World War II and has continued to boost programs for good breeding in Germany and across the world. It’s dedicated to preserving the Rottweiler working ability. It’s said that the very first Rottweiler dog breed appeared in the U.S. with an immigrant from Germany in the late 1920s.
In 1930, the first litter was whelped and the first breed was registered by the AKC (American Kennel Club) was Felsenmeer v Stina in 1931. The dog breed began to become more popular after World War II. It was well-known as a great obedience dog at that time. When the American Kennel Club registered more than 100,000 breeds, the height of the popularity of Rottweiler was in the mid-1990s.
When you are a dog, being famous is not necessarily a good thing. It is not uncommon for a puppy mill and irresponsible breeder to try to cash in on the fame of the dog and starts to produce puppies without regard for temperament and health problems. This is what happened to the Rottweiler dog breed until the bad publicity and the demand for this loyal animal decreased. Reputable, devoted breeders are taking this opportunity to turn the dog around and make sure that Rottweiler is the type of dog he was meant to be. Today, Rottweiler dog breed ranks 7th among the 190 varieties and breeds registered by the American Kennel Club.
Rottweiler Dog Personality
The perfect Rottweiler dog is confident, calm, and brave, never shy. The breed has a self-confident aloofness and does not make friends with people indiscriminately or immediately. Instead, he possesses a wait-and-see behavior with new situations or people. He is affectionate with his family and usually following them around the house. The breed is not a highly excitable dog. He has an inborn desire to defend his property and family, but should not be aggressive towards the people without any reason. The Rottweiler dog is adaptable and intelligent with a powerful work ethic. You will find some differences between the sexes.
The males are watchful but quiet, assessing their surroundings constantly for threats. The females can be more affectionate and rather easier to control. Both are exceptionally trainable but can be obstinate. Rottweiler needs consistent, firm but not rough discipline. If you have clearly established your leadership, a sharp word is usually a sufficient reprimand. If it is not so, he can try to bluff or bully you. The people who don’t have time to devote to supervision and training or lack assertiveness, this is not a dog for them. Earning the respect of Rottweiler involves teaching consequences and setting boundaries for improper behavior, both of which take patience and time.
A number of factors, including training, heredity, and socialization affect temperament. Puppies with good nature are playful and curious, willing to approach people and love to remain with them. Choose the balanced puppy, not the one who’s hiding in the corner or the one who’s beating up his littermates. Always meet his parents, often the mother is the one that is present — to make sure that they possess nice temperaments which you are comfortable with. Meeting other relatives of the parents or siblings is also helpful for assessing what a pup will be like when he grows up.
Like every dog breed, Rottie requires early socialization, exposure to a lot of different sounds, people, sights, and experiences when he is young. Socialization always assists to make sure that your puppy grows up to become a well-rounded dog breed. Registering him in a puppy kindergarten class should be a great beginning. Regularly, inviting visitors over, and taking your puppy to the busy stores, parks which allow dogs, and on leisurely goes to meet neighbors will help him to improve his social skills as well.
Rottweiler Dog Health
You can find the Rottweiler dog normally fairly healthy. He can also have certain health conditions just like every dog. Not every Rottie will have any of these diseases, but it is really crucial to have awareness of each of them if you are about to buy this breed.
Before getting to buy a Rottie, it is crucial to investigate the health concerns that affect both parents of the puppy. Both the parents must have clearances of health from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia and von Willebrand’s disease from Auburn University for thrombopathia. And certifying that the eyes are normal from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), you can also have health clearances through visiting OFA web site (offa.org).
- The Rottweiler dog can suffer from the following diseases:
- Hip Dysplasia
- Elbow Dyplasia
- Gastric Dilatation-volvulus (GDV), also called Bloat or Torsion
- Panosteitis (Pano)
Note: This health information is all about providing our visitors with a type of general knowledge. In order to be aware of any health issues or any diseases and conditions, do consult your veterinarian.
Rottweiler Dog Care
It is quite crucial for the Rottweiler do to remain in the home with his people. If he lives alone in a backyard all day, he can become aggressive, destructive, and bored. Although the breed is large, Rottweiler dog is lazy indoors. A Rottie is a homebody, but the breed needs a fenced yard not only to defend him from the traffic but also because he can become aggressive towards the other strangers and dogs who come onto his belongings. If Rottweiler really wants to get out, an underground electronic fence cannot keep him in your yard. More importantly, it does not prevent other animals or people from coming onto your property.
Put up a sign that advising non-family members and strangers not to come into your house without a warning. The energy level or Rottweiler ranges from whirlwind to couch potato. Make sure to inform the breeder what type of energy level suits you so she can assist you to choose the best pup for your lifestyle. A rather active Rottweiler will need a couple of 10 to 20 minutes’ walk every day. He also loves to play with balls and going hiking. More energetic Rottie might need more structured activities and longer exercise times.
His trainability, intelligence, and athleticism help him suit obedience and agility competition, as well as therapy, tracking work, and his traditional job, pulling a wagon or cart. Keep in mind that Rottweiler thrives on mental stimulation when training your breed. Rottie likes to learn new things and is eager to please you. At times, the breed may be willful with a “Show me why I should do this” behavior. Be firm, consistent, and fair, and your Rottweiler dog will give you his quick ability to learn. Your dog breed ought not to be difficult to housetrain given a consistent schedule, no opportunities to get accidents in the house, and positive reinforcement when the breed potties outdoors.
Rottweiler Dog Feeding
Recommended daily amount: 4 to 10 cups of good quality dry food every day that is divided into two meals.
Note: How much your adult Rottie eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
If you are not sure, whether he is overweight or not look down at him first and then you will be able to see his waist. Now keep your hands on his back and your thumbs on his spine, along with the fingers that spread downward. You will be able to feel his ribs but not see without pressing hard. If you can’t, he definitely will need more exercise and less food.
Rottweiler Dog with Children and Other Pets
Rottweiler typically likes kids, particular if he grows up with them. When he is around children, especially young kids, he should be under supervision because he is strong so and big. Because of his cattle-herding heritage, he tends to lean and push and can topple a toddler with a nudge accidentally. The breed probably suits homes with older children quite well who understand how to interact with dog breeds. It is vital to supervise your Rottie as well any time your kids have friends over. Rottweiler can be perturbed by rough or loud play between children and can take steps to put a stop to it, not understanding that “his” kids are not in danger.
He might also chase young kids who are running. Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs, and the interactions between young children and dogs must always go on under your supervision to prevent any biting or tail or ear pulling. Teach your kid never try to get closer to any dog while he is sleeping or having food or try to take the food of the dog away. Never leave your child with the dog unsupervised.
When Rottweiler dog grows up with other cats and dogs, he normally gets on well with them. He might have problems with strange pets or adult dogs which come into the home, as an intolerant of same-sex dog breeds. With your guidance and training, however, he should peaceably accept new animals. Keep your Rottweiler dog on the leash in public to prevent belligerence or aggression towards other dogs. The dog breed is not the best candidate for visiting off-leash dog parks.
Males: Stand 24 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 95 to 130 pounds
Females: Stand 22 to 25 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 85 to 115 pounds
Rottweiler Dog Breed | The Real Protective