Every so often, the Xoloitzcuintli dog breed is called the Mexican Hair-less. He may well have originated from the first dogs to set paw on the continent of North American. In his native Central America and Mexico, he was popular “doctor,” the heat he produced from his body was being comforting for the people with arthritis and other ailments. The people still like to embrace with him today.

xoloitzcuintli dog

Crucial Stats

Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs

Height: 1 foot, 6 inches to 1 foot, 11 inches tall at the shoulder

Weight: 10 to 50 pounds

Life Span: 14 to 20 years


His name can be said like this: “show-low.” Or just call him the show-low-eats-queent-lee.” Whatever he is called, you have got to be sure to be fascinated by his unexpected looks and calm but alert personality. At the very first glance, and from time to time second and third glance, the Xolo does not have a good-looking aspect.

He has got wrinkled brow, satellite-dish ears, a mohawk bisecting the top of the head. He has got squinty eyes and a ratlike tail, and above all the mostly hairless body, make the Xolo breed a dog that he could only be loved by his mother.

The skull shaped like a wedge gently tapers to the muzzle. When he pays attention for focusing on something, his brow wrinkles. The expression shows the liveliness and smartness of this dog breed. The eyes shaped like the almond range in color from black to yellow. The big and erected ears have got an elegantly fragile and thin texture. Puppies can have a wrinkly body, but as they grow their body may smooth out.

He has got the long tail and webbed feet. You can find him in three sizes, small, medium and large and he also has a calm personality and requires moderate exercise.

You might get the feeling that the bald body of Xolo makes him hypoallergenic. But only hairlessness does not mean he is not going to make you sneeze and sniffle. He may be likely to affect you less with allergies. But he still generates saliva, dander and urine, all of which shift allergens.


Need to Know about Xoloitzcuintli Dog

You can find Xolo in 3 different sizes, so the dog breed can be adaptable to any home.

Native to Central America and Mexico, he is said as the Mexican Hair-less as well.

You can find Xolo in a coated variety in spite of being known as a hairless breed.

His body is somewhat longer than it is tall.

The Xolo is an excellent companion as well as a great watchdog for protection.

The American Kennel Club registered Xolo dog breed in 2011 as a member of the Non-Sporting Group.

There are just more than one thousand Xoloitzcuintli dog breeds in the U.S., with around thirty thousand worldwide.

The Xolo is likely to chase other animals and may have got a strong prey drive.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog History

The Xolo is regarded as a natural breed, unlike the other dogs that were developed by mixing or crossing two or more breeds, probably the result of an unpremeditated inherent modification.

As the evidence of archaeological shows that the Xolo’s ancestors went along with people who migrated across the landmass of Bering and now have submerged from Asia to the New World.

The dog breed was famous for having healing powers, particularly quite effective in cases of insomnia, asthma, rheumatism. In life, he terrified away spirits of evil and intruders, and he was believed to be in the service of guiding the dead as they moved from this world to the next.

Unluckily, the guide job so often involved being immolated to go along the dead. Nevertheless, he struggled and experienced the periods of fame, the American Kennel Club first time recognized the dog breed at the beginning of 1887.

In 2010, the breed was named dog of the year, it is considered a national treasure in Mexico today. More or less thirty thousand god breeds do exist worldwide. The breed was brought back into the fold by the American Kennel Club in 2011. The Xolo god breed resides at the junction of uncommonness and fame and sells for about $2,000 to $2,500.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog Personality

The adult Xolo breed is a fairly peaceful dog that is alert towards his family but reserved towards the strangers. He often likes one person to sick with as his favorite but does not skimp on devotion towards other family members.

He needs a walk, an energetic playtime in a fenced yard, useful exercise every day. The rest of the time, he enjoys settle with you or laying in the sun an effort to remain warm. He does not like to be left home alone so whenever you go outside, take him with you. The Xolo is a superb watchdog and will alert you to anything that seems suspicious.

He is not a nuisance barker, so if he sounds off, it is a great idea to see what has upset him. The Xolo is cautious of strangers and does not like to make friends easily outside his family.

He is also alike territorial towards other animals that are found on his property. If the Xolo has not been socialized well, he may be vigorous towards dogs or people he does not know. Your Xolo must be brought up with structure and consistency.

When you train him by using positively gentle techniques of reinforcement, this sensitive and smart dog will quickly learn what you like and dislike. Once he gets to know that, a serious glance is generally all you need to set right any misbehavior.

An inexperienced dog owner can easily manipulate this dog breed; however, a Xolo might not be a right choice for a first-time owner. The Xolo is also highly athletic. A six-foot fence is a piece of cake for an adult Xolo, and even puppies can easily scramble over 3-foot fence. Your yard must be escape-proof.

Registering him in a kindergarten class for puppies is a stunning beginning. Inviting friends over every day, and taking him to busy stores, parks that let your dog leisurely stroll to be in touch with neighbors will assist him to brush up his social skills as well.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog Health

You can find Xoloitzcuintli normally healthy. Purchasing him from a breeder who is responsible will help ensure that you have the healthiest Xolo dog. A puppy from a responsible breeder of Xoloitzcuintli is going to be dewormed and vaccinated before you take him home.

The only dogs that are physically mature (at least 2 years or older) and sound are used by responsible breeders, they test their breeding stock for inherent diseases relevant to the breed. Health clearances are not the problem for the dogs that are younger than two years of age because some issues of health do not appear until a dog becomes fully mature.

It is usually suggested that dogs should not be bred until they are 2 or 3 years age. Although the Xolo dog breed is known to be invulnerable to any significant genetic diseases, he has got some traits that can affect his looks and how you take care of him. Of course, the first is hairlessness. A Xolo dog requires safety from the sun as well as from very cold weather.

Let him have sunscreen all over his body, particularly if he is light-colored, and never leave him outdoors for a long period of time unless he has got a shady place where he is able to stay from the rays of the sun. In bitterly cold weather or snowy, he would love to have a coat or sweater to keep him warm. Let your Xolo go naked indoors so he does not overheat or grow skin issues from getting his pores covered up.

The good news is that if he gets an abrasion or cut, his firm skin recovers quickly. Another absorbing angle to the Xolo is that dentition and hairlessness are inheritably linked.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog Care

The hairless Xolo dog has got tough skin smoothly that fits closely to his body. What little hair he has decorates the top of the head, the last third of the tail up to the tip and the feet. A coated Xolo is entirely covered with close-fitting, short, smooth hair. The hair may be any color in both varieties.

Generally, it is grey-black, black, red, slate, bronze or liver. Some Xolo dog breeds have got white spots and markings. You may get the feeling that a hairless dog requires little to no grooming, but think again. It is true that the Xolo dog usually cleans himself just like a cat and is unlikely to have fleas, but because he perspires through skin and paw pads, it crucial to keep such areas neat and clean.

Wash the feet of your dog weekly to ensure the sebaceous glands stay free. Bathe the Xolo dog with a gentle shampoo of dog every couple of weeks. It’s often not required to apply lotions or oils to the skin. Cut the fast-growing nails of Xolo on weekly basis. If you are able to hear nails clicking on the floor, they are too long. Introducing the Xoloitzcuintli to nail trimming earlier, the experience will be less stressful for both you and your dog.

In order to remove bacteria and tartar, brush teeth of Xolo at least 2 or 3 times a week or day would be better. As you groom, check for rashes, sores, or signs of infection such as tenderness, redness, or any inflammation on the skin, nose, in the ears, eyes, mouth, and on the feet. Your careful exam weekly will assist you to spot possible problems of health early.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog Feeding

Recommended daily amount: Depending on the size of Xolo, he should eat 5/8 to 1.75 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.

Note: How much your adult Xolo eats, depends on his size, build, age, metabolism and activity level. The dogs are individuals, just like a human, and they do not want the same amount of food. In simple words, a highly agile and active dog will, of course, need more than a dog who is a couch potato. When you buy the quality food for your dog also makes a difference — the better the food for your dog, the further it will go towards nourishing the dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.

If you are not sure, whether Xolo is overweight or not look down at him first and then you will be able to see his waist. Now keep your hands on his back and your thumbs on his spine, along with the fingers that spread downward. You will be able to feel his ribs but not see without pressing hard. If you can’t, he definitely will need more exercise and less food.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog with Children and Other Pets

The Xolo is a family-oriented dog and can be friendly with children, particularly if he is brought up with kids. He does not like to have his tail or ears pulled, however, so any interactions with very young children must be supervised closely.

Always teach your children how to touch and approach dogs, and the interactions between young children and dogs must always be supervised to prevent any biting or tail or ear pulling.

Vizsla easily gets on with other dogs and can be a good friend even with cats, particularly if he grows up with them.



The Xolo comes in three sizes:

Toy: at least 10 through 14 inches tall at the shoulder

Miniature: more than 14 through 18 inches tall

Standard size: more than 18 through 23 inches tall

Weight: from 10 to 50 pounds